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Uterine Disease in Dogs and Cats

Uterine Disease

Herbal remedies to help address conditional needs related to uterine disease in dogs and cats.

In renal challenges, the kidneys not only need to be supported but consideration should also be given to support of the liver, cardiovascular system and autonomic nervous system., facilitate the support and natural rehabilitation of the kidneys and other important tissues. 

Pyometra is a disease mainly of middle-aged female dogs and cats that have not been spayed. While pyometra is an infection in the uterus, it is also related to hormonal abnormality in the female’s reproductive tract.

Pyometra is caused by two primary hormones produced by the ovaries, called estrogen and progesterone. Following estrus or "heat", progesterone levels remain elevated for several weeks, stimulating the uterine lining to thicken in preparation for pregnancy. Pyometra follows a heat cycle in which fertilization did not occur. If pregnancy does not occur for several estrus cycles, the lining continues to increase in thickness until cysts form in the uterus. Typically, within two to four months after the cycle, the female starts showing signs of the disease.

The thickening of the lining is called cystic endometrial hyperplasia. The thickened, cystic lining secretes fluids that create an ideal environment in which bacteria can grow. At the same time, high progesterone levels inhibit the ability of the muscles in the wall of the uterus to contract and expel accumulated fluids or bacteria. Another contributing factor is that during estrus, white blood cells, which normally protect against infection, are inhibited from entering the uterus. This normal occurrence allows sperm to safely enter the female's reproductive tract without being damaged or destroyed by the white blood cells. The combination of these factors often leads to infection.

The body will attempt to eliminate the problem by carrying the wastes and excess fluid through the bloodstream to the kidneys. However, the amount of waste and toxins present in a dog with pyometra is too great to be eliminated, overloading the kidney system. The toxins build up and the animal goes into uremic poisoning. Untreated, your pet will die from kidney failure.

Signs of pyometra include:

Excessive drinking (polydipsia)

Frequent urination (polyuria)

Licking vaginal area

Cervix may be open

White fluid discharge

Fever

Lethargy

Elevated white blood cell count

Weakness in posterior legs

Unable to rise/walk

Loss of appetite

Kidney failure

If you observe these symptoms in your pet, this is a medical emergency and you need to contact your vet immediately. Pyometra can be fatal if left untreated. The best prevention for pyometra is spaying your dog or cat.

Metritis in Cats

Metritis, a uterine infection that usually occurs within a week after a cat gives birth, is characterized by an inflammation of the endometrial lining of the uterus due to a bacterial infection. It can also develop after a natural or medical abortion, miscarriage, or after a non-sterile artificial insemination.

The bacteria that are most often responsible for infection of the uterus are gram-negative bacteria like Escherichia coli, which often spread into the blood, causing a blood infection. The infection may lead to sterility, and if left untreated, septic shock, a lethal condition, may follow.

Metritis is caused by:

Difficult birth

Prolonged delivery, perhaps with a large litter

Obstetric manipulation

Retained fetuses or placentas

Natural or medical abortion, miscarriage

Natural or artificial insemination (rare)

Symptoms and types of Metritis:

Discharge from the vulva that smells bad

Discharge with pus

Pus mixed with blood

Discharge that is dark green

Swollen, dough-like abdomen

Dehydration (the skin stays tented for a few seconds when pinched)

Dark red gums

Fever

Reduced milk production

Depression

Lack of appetite

Neglect of kittens

Increased heart rate if the bacterial infection has become systemic

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal remedies are used to relieve bladder and urinary infections, frequent urination, bladder discomfort, incontinence and support bladder control in dogs and cats, to reduce symptoms related to uterine disease, to improve bladder & urinary tract health due to its antibacterial and antiseptic properties, for the treatment of severe cystitis, prostate problems and symptoms of burning urine, to promote prostate gland health, healthy bladder, urinary tract and bowel movements, to reduce inflammation and strengthen the immune system.

Urinary Tract Infection Meal Topper  – (learn more) Organic Urinary Tract Infection may nutritionally help support healthy kidney function and its natural plant adaptogen content may help identify the source of the urinary tract infection at a cellular level and nutritionally work to help restore balance in the bladder, kidneys and ureters; may help moderate cortisol and calcium levels in the blood; may help normalize pH levels toward balance (neither acidic or alkaline); may work to help limit all types of future urinary tract infections (UTI's) and stone formation and crystal formation by blocking their formation in the kidneys and bladder (i.e. calcium oxalate stones from acidic urine; struvite stones from alkaline urine); may help address and break up commonly occurring stone formation related to kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones, gravel, crystals and calculi; adaptogen content helps carry out reparative actions against cellular dysfunction that allows stones to form by helping to block unwanted material from entering kidney cells and supporting their safe elimination in the urinary tract; suitable for all life stages of dogs and cats. 

Urinary Tract Infection Starter Pack – (learn more) is used holistically and nutritionally to help support healthy kidney function and its natural plant adaptogen content may help identify the source of the urinary tract infection at a cellular level and nutritionally work to help restore balance in the bladder, kidneys and ureters; may help moderate cortisol and calcium levels in the blood; may help normalize pH levels toward balance (neither acidic or alkaline); may work to help limit all types of future urinary tract infections (UTI's) and stone formation and crystal formation by blocking their formation in the kidneys and bladder (i.e. calcium oxalate stones from acidic urine; struvite stones from alkaline urine); may help address and break up commonly occurring stone formation related to kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones, gravel, crystals and calculi; adaptogen content helps carry out reparative actions against cellular dysfunction that allows stones to form by helping to block unwanted material from entering kidney cells and supporting their safe elimination in the urinary tract; suitable for all life stages of dogs and cats.

Hepa Protect – (learn more) may help support proper liver function and metabolism, bile production and flow, ma help rehabilitate the performance, health and repair of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gall bladder, may help rehabilitate and detoxify the kidneys and liver; tones and balances the connective tissue of the liver, kidneys and bladder, normalizes liver enzyme levels, regulates kidney acid/alkaline levels, for all types of stones and gravel of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gallbladder, including oxalate and struvite crystals and stones; reduces uric acid, for gall bladder inflammation, gall stones and gallbladder infections, for renal colic and renal calculi; helps to protect red blood cell formation, useful in diseases such as ehrlichia, ehrlichiosis.

Serenity Zen Dog & Cat - (learn more) is used for its multi-level nutritional and adaptogen plant botanical support to help identify stress triggers in all body systems and to nutritionally help soothe, relax, calm, balance and provide pain relief to nerves and muscles (related to the Adrenal, Cardiovascular, Digestive, Excretory, Respiratory, Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems); may be useful for separation, stress, anxiety and behavioral disorders; may be helpful in reducing the effects of digestive colic, and stress and anxiety related to storms, fireworks, travel, boarding, vet visits, separation, new home due to adoption, travel, motion sickness, restlessness, irritability, depression, hyper-excitability, aggression, allergies sadness and fear; help address and reduce pain; help maintain normal electrical balance in the brain, to reduce neuro inflammation,  and to help modulate inflammatory response throughout the animal body.

Yummy Tummy – (learn more) promotes antioxidant, natural plant steroids, prebiotics, probiotics, inulin, fiber, digestive enzymes and a plant based steroid, used holistically to help address digestive, urinary, bladder and gall bladder support, may be useful for all types of digestive disorders; works to help promote proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients, especially important for raw and home cooked diets; may help address bladder (cystitis) and kidney (pyelonephritis) infections; adaptogen content helps tone and strengthen the connective tissue of the bladder related to urine leakage and urinary incontinence; may help address GERD, acid reflux, Leaky Gut Syndrome and ulcers; works to help heal wounds and lesions in the gut related to ulcers and Leaky Gut Syndrome; used holistically for Candida including systemic Candida as a natural, plant-based steroid alternative, provides important support for cramping, pain, discomfort, Gastroenteritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD), prostate inflammation, BHP, prostatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) and Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS); strongly anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, anti-fungal, antibiotic, anti-Candidal and a natural plant based steroid.

Conventional Remedies for Pyometra:

Dogs will receive intravenous fluids, usually for several days, and antibiotics. In most cases, the preferred treatment is a complete ovariohysterectomy (spay) if your pet can sustain the surgery. This removes the ovaries, oviducts, uterus, and all associated blood vessels.

In females valued for breeding, prostaglandin and antibiotic therapy may be tried instead of surgery. The prostaglandin is given for 5-7 days and causes the uterus to contract and expel the fluid. In mild cases, when the cervix is still open and the fluid is draining, the success rate is excellent. This therapy should only be used in dogs 6 years of age or younger, who are in stable condition, and have an open cervix.

Prostaglandins can have side effects, especially after the first dose, including restlessness, panting, vomiting, increased heart rate, fever, and defecation.

Conventional Remedies for Metritis:

Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, an electrolyte panel, and a urinalysis. The tests will help your veterinarian to determine whether the bacterial infection has spread to the bloodstream, where the infection might have originated, and how dehydrated your cat is.

Diagnostic tools, like radiograph and ultrasound imaging, will allow your veterinarian to visually examine the interior of the uterus for any retained fetuses or birth matter, excess fluid accumulation, and/or abnormal amounts of abdominal fluid production due to uterine rupture.

A sample of the vaginal discharge will also be taken for cytologic, microscopic examination. A culture of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that lives with oxygen, or without oxygen, respectively) will be used for identifying the bacterial populations present in the blood, and a sensitivity of the isolated bacteria will be performed so that the most appropriate antibiotic treatments can be prescribed.

 

 

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