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Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis

Herbal treatments for cats and dogs to help get rid of and prevent internal and external parasites.

Leishmaniasis is caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania, and can be categorized by two types of diseases: cutaneous, or a (skin) reaction and visceral or an abdominal organ reaction, which is also known as black fever. Visceral leishmaniasis is the most severe form.

The infection is acquired when sand flies transmit a special parasite, called flagellated parasites, into the skin. Your animal becomes a host to the parasite.

The incubation period from infection to symptoms is generally between one month to several years. In dogs, it invariably spreads throughout the body to most organs; renal (kidney) failure is the most common cause of death, and virtually all infected dogs develop visceral or systemic disease. As much as 90 percent of infected dogs will also have skin involvement.

Although relatively rare in cats, when it does occur it often localizes in the skin. There is no age, gender, or breed predilection; however, males are more likely to have a visceral reaction. There is no age, gender, or breed predilection between dogs or cats; however, males are more likely to have a visceral reaction.

The main organs affected are the skin, kidneys, spleen, liver, eyes, and joints. There is also commonly a skin reaction, with lesions on the skin, and hair loss. There is marked tendency to hemorrhage.

Affected dogs and cats in the U.S. are frequently found to have acquired the Leishmania infection in another country, notably the Mediterranean basin, Portugal, and Spain. There have also been sporadic cases confirmed in Switzerland, northern France, and the Netherlands, and endemic areas found in South and Central America, and in southern Mexico. Endemic cases in Oklahoma and Ohio have been reported in dog populations there as well.

It is important to note that leishmaniasis is a zoonotic infection, and the organisms residing in the lesions can be communicated to humans.

There are two types of leishmaniasis seen in dogs: visceral and cutaneous. Each type affects different parts of the pet’s body.

Visceral leishmaniasis(affects organs of the abdominal cavity)

Severe weight loss

Loss of appetite (anorexia)

Diarrhea

Tarry feces (less common)

Vomiting

Nose bleed

Exercise intolerance

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (affects the skin)

Hyperkeratosis (most common, including excessive epidermal scaling with thickening, loss of skin color, and chapping of the muzzle and footpads)

Alopecia (dry, brittle hair coat with symmetrical hair loss)

Nodules usually develop on the skin surface

Intradermal nodules

Intradermal ulcers

Abnormally long or brittle nails

Other signs/symptoms include:

Lymphadenopathy (disease of the lymph nodes with skin lesions in 90 percent of cases)

Emaciation

Signs of renal failure:

Excessive urination

Excessive thirst

Vomiting possible

Neuralgia (painful disorder of the nerves)

Pain in the joints

Inflammation of the muscles

Osteolytic lesions ("punched-out" area with severe bone loss)

Inflammation of the covering of bones; rare

Fever

Enlarged spleen (approx. 30% of patients)

Traveling to endemic regions (usually the Mediterranean), is the most common form of contracting the disease from sand flies, which host Leishmania host.

A second way of transmission is from receiving a transfusion from another infected animal.

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal remedies are used as a natural parasite repellant for all types of parasitic infections; to keep parasites in check, used as a digestive tonic to promote digestive health, to cleanse and detoxify the colon and bowel and to detoxify the blood, forpesticides, environmental toxins and chemicals related to flea and tick products and drugs regimens such as NSAID’s and synthetic glucosteriods and corticosteroids.

Seal ‘Em & Heal ‘Em – (learn more) promotes healing for all types of wounds, including hot spots, abrasions, bites, cuts, scrapes, skin irritations, infections, hemorrhaging conditions, ulcers, provides cellular support of tissue, skin and coat, for gastrointestinal distress, as a neurasthenic that blocks the activation of nerve fibers and tissue response to inflammation, supporting the body's tissue repair mechanism to stop mutations, and in the treatment of all types of Lyme disease, including Lyme borealis, burgdorferi, borreliosis and Chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

Shake Ur Groove Thing – (learn more) promotes healthy bowel function and purification, gentle parasitic detoxification and body clarification, used for cramping, pain, constipation, gas and bloating, supports correct balance of intestinal flora and helps calms the digestive system, for anal fissures, fistulas, hemorrhoids, food allergies and hypersensitivities, as a general skin support, and provides a healthy solution for waste and toxin removal, including pesticides, environmental toxins, chemicals related to flea and tick products and drugs regimens such as NSAID’s and synthetic glucosteriods and corticosteroids.

I AM A ROCK STAR - (learn more) supports adrenal gland health and response to stress and metabolic demand, supports glandular ability to rebuild and regenerate, promotes hormonal balance, regulates stress on liver, kidney and digestive functions by reducing thirst and excessive elimination, promotes cognitive function and memory performance, balances blood sugar levels, for natural energy in young and geriatric pets, increases muscle use, ability and stamina, provides anti-inflammatory and immune support, helps maintain healthy adrenal, central nervous, digestive, immune and reproductive systems.

Get Well Soon – (learn more)is as an immune booster, an adjunctive cytotoxic (kills cancer cells) therapy against cancer cells and complementary therapy in cancer protocols due to its active content of Annonaceous acetogenins, for its significant anti-tumorous (slows growth), anti-cancerous activity (inhibits anaerobic cells while protecting healthy cells), broad-spectrum internal and external antimicrobial, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-viral properties against infection, for cysts and tumors, including fibrous, fatty, sebaceous tumors including cutaneous mast cell tumors (mastocytomas, mast cell tumors, sarcomas), lipomas, histiocytomas, adenomas hyperplasia and papillomas. Also used for the following types of tumors: hind quarter, deep tissue, lesions, polyps, warts, basal and mast cell, bone, brain, heart, liver, kidney, bladder, mammary, skin, stomach, eye, ear, nose, mouth and leg tumors.

Conventional Remedies:

Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your dog or cat, considering the background history of symptoms and possible incidents that might have led to infection. A complete blood profile will be conducted, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis.

Your doctor will be looking for evidence of such diseases as lupus, cancer, and distemper, among other possible causes for the symptoms. Tissue samples from the skin, spleen, bone marrow, or lymph nodes will be taken for laboratory culturing, as well as fluid aspirates. Since there are often related lesions on the skin's surface, a skin biopsy will be in order as well.

Most dogs and cats with leishmaniasis have high levels of protein and gamma globulin, as well as high liver enzyme activity. Even so, your veterinarian will need to eliminate tick fever as the cause of the symptoms, and may test specifically for lupus in order to rule it out or confirm it as a cause.

Unless your pet is extremely ill, it will be treated as an outpatient. If it is emaciated and chronically infected, you may need to consider euthanasia because the prognosis is very poor for such animals.

If your dog or cat is not severely infected, your veterinarian will prescribe a high-quality protein diet, one that is designed specifically for renal insufficiency if necessary.

This is a zoonotic infection, and the organisms residing in the lesions can be communicated to humans. These organisms will never be entirely eliminated, and relapse, requiring treatment, is inevitable.

There are medications that can be helpful in treating symptoms and in addressing the disease. Your veterinarian will advise you on the best course.

Your veterinarian will want to monitor your dog or cat for clinical improvement and for identification of organisms in repeat biopsies. You can expect a relapse a few months to a year after the initial therapy; your veterinarian will want to recheck your dog or cat’s condition at least every two months after completion of the initial treatment. The prognosis for a successful cure is very guarded.

 

 

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