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Kidney Infection

Kidney InfectionsPet supplements for Kidney Infection in dogs and cats.

Herbal remedies to help treat kidney infections in dogs and cats.

In renal challenges, the kidneys not only need to be supported and rehabilitated but consideration should also be given to support of the liver, cardiovascular system and autonomic nervous system.

The endocrine system interacts with many organs and bodily systems, and the adrenal and thyroid glands plays a major role in providing critical trace nutrient support to all glands and tissue, and the adrenals can become stressed and fatigued, also affecting the liver, duodenum, and kidneys.

Pyelonephritis, also called a kidney infection, is a bacterial infection of the renal pelvis, the funnel-like part of the ureter in your pet’s kidneys.

If pyelonephritis takes place, it is due to an impairment of your pet’s defenses, related to urethral movement, blood supply to the kidneys, or the flap valves found between the kidney and ureters.

Pyelonephritis can also develop due to kidney stones or when microbes climb upward, spreading a lower urinary tract infection to the upper urinary tract. Blockage of an infected kidney or ureter can lead to more serious complications: sepsis, a bacterial infection of the blood; or urosepsis, an infection of the blood resulting from decomposed urine being forced into the bloodstream.

Symptoms of Kidney Infection include:

Fever

Difficulty urinating

Blood in the urine

Foul-smelling urine

Discolored urine

Frequent thirst (polydipsia)

Polyuria (frequent urination)

Abdominal or lower back pain

Causes of kidney infection include:

Escherichia coli

Staphylococcus spp.

Pyelonephritis

Proteu

Streptococcus

Klebsiella

Enterobacter

Pseudomonas spp.  (Lower urinary tract) but may ascend into the cat's upper urinary tract.

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a broad term that is used to cover a number of conditions affecting the feline lower urinary system and bladder, including urolithiasis (stones in the urinary tract), cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and urethral obstruction.

A variety of symptoms may present, including:

Blood in the urine

Frequent urination

Painful urination

Licking at the urinary opening

Formation of urinary crystals and stones in the bladder (crystalluria / urolithiasis

Partial or total obstruction of the urethra.

The latter condition is also known as plugged-penis syndrome and blocked cat syndrome.

FLUTD is a common disease in adult cats, affecting approximately 1% of the population. FLUTD affects cats of both sexes, but tends to be more dangerous in males than females due to their longer, narrower urethra, making males more susceptible to blockage. Complete urethral obstruction is fatal if left untreated and is a medical emergency. Urinary tract disorders have a high rate of recurrence, and some cats seem to be more susceptible to urinary problems than dogs.

Regardless of cause, there are a common set of symptoms, which includes frequent trips to the litter box (pollakiuria), prolonged squatting and straining during attempts to urinate (dysuria), small amounts of urine voided in each attempt, blood in the urine (hematuria) and urinating outside of the litter box. Owners with outdoor cats may not be able to observe the symptoms associated with litter box use and should watch for unusual behavioral changes.

A cat experiencing a urethral obstruction behaves similarly to any other cat with FLUTD. With time, the bladder fills up with urine and cause painful bladder distension. Kidney failure and uremia typically follows within hours.

The cat becomes increasingly distressed, and may howl or cry out in pain. The male cat may constantly lick at his genitals and the penis may be protruded. The cat may seek seclusion, stop eating and drinking, begin to vomit, and become lethargic and eventually comatose as toxins accumulate in the bloodstream.

Organic Remedies - (listed in order of relevance and recommendation by holistic vets)

Herbal remedies can be highly effective to ease kidney failure and kidney disease and to help slow disease progression, to help support kidney conditions and function, to support healthy  urinary function and support, to purify and cleanse the blood, to promote kidney, liver and urinary tract health and to maintain healthy blood pressure.

Stix & Stones – (learn more) promotes kidney function, helps to break up kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones and gravel (active stones, crystals and as a preventative), helps to safely remove stones from the body; treats urinary infections, for kidney and liver disease, tones and balances kidney, liver, intestine, pancreas, gall bladder function and health, reduces uric acid levels in urine, increases urination, blocks the formation of calcium oxalate, provides pH modulation, for urinary system disorders and pathologies and for hepatic insufficiency.

Hepa Protect – (learn more) supports proper liver function, metabolism, bile production and flow, rehabilitates the performance, health and repair of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gall bladder, detoxifies the kidneys and liver, tones and balances the connective tissue of the liver, kidneys and bladder, normalizes liver enzyme levels, regulates kidney acid/alkaline levels, for all types of stones and gravel of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gallbladder, reduces uric acid, for gall bladder inflammation, gall stones and gallbladder infections, for renal colic and renal calculi.

Break It Up  (learn more) eliminates liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, crystals, grains and gravel (calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones ) with less pain and safely removes them from the body; for bladder and kidney infections and diseases, balances and normalizes liver enzyme levels, reduces uric acid and increases urination, for cystitis and prostatitis, infectious hepatitis and leptospirosis, Fatty Liver Disease, (hepatic lipidosis), Feline cholangiohepatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (FIV), Leaky Gut Syndrome, Intestinal Dysbiosis and Intestinal Hypermerability.

Love Your Liver - (learn more) promotes the performance, health and repair of the liver, kidneys and bladder, facilitates rental and digestive excretions, provides protection and detoxification from insecticides, toxins, vaccinations, an inappropriate diet and an excess of food, relieves symptoms such as pressure, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and flatulence, regulates kidney acid/alkaline levels, for hepatic lipidosis, Fatty Liver Disease (FLD),  Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS) and Feline cholangiohepatitis.

Conventional Remedies:

Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical exam on your dog, including a blood chemical profile, a complete blood count, a urinalysis and an electrolyte panel.

If your animal has a lower urinary tract infection already, this highly predisposes it to pyelonephritis. Your veterinarian may perform an ultrasound, or an X-ray of the urinary tract (excretory urography) to differentiate between a lower urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis.

Definitive diagnosis requires urine cultures obtained from the renal pelvis (funnel-like part of the ureter in the kidney) or parenchyma, or, as a last resort, histopathology from a renal biopsy.

A fluid sample from the renal pelvis, using a procedure called pyelocentesis, can also be performed through the skin (percutaneously) using ultrasound guidance, or during exploratory surgery. A specimen for culture might also be obtained from the renal pelvis. If the dog has kidney stones, an incision into the dog's kidney (a nephrotomy) will be necessary to acquire a sample of the mineral.

Antibiotics can be prescribed initially, and will be changed, if necessary, according to the results of the dog's urine culture and sensitivity profile. Surgery should be considered if your dog has pyelonephritis in the upper urinary tract, or if the urinary tract is obstructed.

If kidney stones are present, surgery should be performed to remove them, unless your veterinarian finds that the stones can be removed by dissolving them via a diet change (this only works for struvite kidney stones), or by using shock wave therapy to fragment them and allow them to pass from the animal's body.

 

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