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Ehrlichiosis / Rickettsiosis & Related Hemorrhagic Fevers


Pet remedies to help address Hemorrhagic Fevers in dogs and cats

Ehrlichiosis / Rickettsiosis & Related Hemorrhagic Fevers 

Herbal remedies to help relieve ehrlichiosis and to help relieve bleeding and hemorrhaging conditions in cats and dogs.

The immune system is a complex army of cells that are found throughout your pet’s body that provides a fortified defense against unwanted invaders. It is an intricate system that keeps your pet healthy and protects them against including allergens, viruses, bacteria, microbes, parasites and toxins.

The immune system is tasked with supporting normal, balanced function and is not intended to be suppressed or stimulated. In cases of dysfunction, an animal body requires whole body systemic support. If your pet’s immune system is weakened, every bodily system is at risk for disease.  

Nutrition plays a major role in bone, teeth, skin and coat health and is the result of a well-functioning, synchronized effort by the immune systems and tissues and organs in the body. Plant botanicals may help support the process of free radical scavenging, which is the skin’s ability to withstand and repair the effects of environmental exposure to toxins, antigens, pathogens, microorganisms and skin wounds.

A healthy digestive tract is critical to overall health and well-being. The digestive health of an animal can impact not only the breakdown and absorption of nutrients, but can also have a significant impact on other body systems including the immune system, the liver, bone marrow and adrenals

Ehrlichiosis (also known as rickettsiosis, hemorrhagic fever, typhus, tracker dog disease, AIDS and tropical pancytopenia) is a tick-borne disease of dogs and cats usually caused by the organism Ehrlichia canis.

Ehrlichia is a rickettsial bacteria belonging to the family Ehrlichiaceae. There are several species of Ehrlichia, but the one that most commonly affects animals and causes the most severe clinical signs is known as Ehrlichia canis

Although people can get ehrlichiosis, dogs and cats do not transmit the bacteria to humans; rather, ticks pass on the ehrlichia organism. Clinical signs of human ehrlichiosis include fever, headache, eye pain, and gastrointestinal upset. It is quite similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but rash is not seen in patients.

There are three stages of ehrlichiosis, each varying in severity. 

The first stage occurs when dogs and cats are bitten by brown dog tick, which passes an ehrlichia organism into the bloodstream when it bites. It is also possible for infection through a blood transfusion from an infected animal. German shepherd dogs are thought to be particularly affected by the disease; other breeds generally have milder clinical signs. Cats can also be infected, but may be less likely due to constant grooming.

The second stage, called the subclinical phase, has no outward signs and can last for the remainder of your pet’s life, during which the dog or cat remains infected with the organism. Some animals are able to successfully eliminate the disease during this time. In some dogs and cats the third and most serious stage of infection, the chronic phase, will commence. Very low blood cell counts (pancytopenia), bleeding, bacterial infection, lameness, neurological and ophthalmic disorders, and kidney disease can result. Chronic ehrlichiosis can be fatal.

The acute and third stage of the disease, occurring several weeks after infection, can last for up to a month and can lead to fever and lowered peripheral blood cell counts due to bone marrow suppression.

Clinical signs include:

Fever

Petechiae

Bleeding disorders

Vasculitis

Lymphadenopathy

Discharge from the nose and eyes

Edema of the legs and scrotum

There are no outward signs of the second, subclinical phase.

Clinical signs of the acute phase include:

Weight loss

Pale gums due to anemia

Bleeding due to thrombocytopenia

Vasculitis

Lymphadenopathy

Dyspnea

Coughing

Polyuria

Polydipsia

Lameness

Ophthalmic diseases such as retinal hemorrhage

Anterior uveitis

Neurological disease.

Strong immunity, particularly cellular immunity, is likely the best defense against Ehrlichiosis and Lyme disease infection, in conjunction with anti-mutagenic, anti-hemorrhagic, blood cleansing and liver supporting herbs. 

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal remedies work as a complimentary and adjunctive treatment for Ehrlichiosis and Lyme disease; as an adjunct to antibiotics; as a restorative liver tonic; to promote systemic liver health; to improve red blood cell integrity, immunity & liver function; to prevent breakdown of red blood cells; to help limit fever, exhaustion and fluid loss; to help reduce hemorrhagic conditions and hemorrhaging safely; to help treat blood borne infections; to help improve the overall health of your animal; to help support digestion compromised by disease and to act as a natural systemic cleanser.

I Feel Good –  (learn more) promotes healthy immune response, reduces all types of inflammation, provides dermal support and growth of healthy cells and tissues in the body’s defense mechanism, reduces the histamine trigger for contact allergies, seasonal and chronic allergens, pathogens, skin rashes, infections, hot spots, inflammation, swelling, hair loss, itching and geriatria (dull coat, lethargy); for all types of arthritis, including Degenerative Joint Disease, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and symptoms associated with rheumatism, including pain, strains, injuries, muscle pain, swelling and lack of mobility; reduces all types of inflammation, particularly from the heart to brain; plus contains prebiotics and probiotics useful in balancing digestive health and function plus much more. Recognized as one of the most important medicinal plants of the whole world, particularly related to supporting balanced immunity and limiting inflammation and inflammatory conditions.

Seal ‘Em & Heal ‘Em – (learn more) promotes healing for all types of wounds, including hot spots, abrasions, bites, cuts, scrapes, skin irritations, infections, bleeding & hemorrhaging conditions, ulcers, GERD, esophaghitis & other degenerative conditions of the larynx & throat; provides cellular support of tissue, skin & coat; for gastrointestinal distress; as a neurasthenic that blocks the activation of nerve fibers & tissue response to inflammation, supporting the body's tissue repair mechanism to stop mutations (important in the treatment of all types of Lyme disease, including Lyme borealis, burgdorferi, borreliosis & Chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

Hepa Protect – (learn more) supports proper liver function and metabolism, bile production and flow, rehabilitates the performance, health and repair of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gall bladder, rehabilitates and detoxifies the kidneys and liver; tones and balances the connective tissue of the liver, kidneys and bladder, normalizes liver enzyme levels, regulates kidney acid/alkaline levels, for all types of stones and gravel of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gallbladder, including oxalate and struvite crystals and stones; reduces uric acid, for gall bladder inflammation, gall stones and gallbladder infections, for renal colic and renal calculi; helps to protect red blood cell formation, useful in diseases such as ehrlichia, ehrlichiosis.

I Cell-Ebrate Life (learn more) helps to promote healthy cell and cell membrane support; helps promotes connective tissue, skin and coat support and antioxidant protection against free radicals; helps standardize normal cell operation; encourages free radical scavenging of cysts, tumors and lipomas; provides nutritional, biochemical and plant botanical support of healthy immune cells; promotes optimal immune protection and systematic health and strength; supports bone, teeth and muscle health and integrity and for animals that need extra joint, immune, circulatory and vascular support.

Serenity Zen Dog & Cat - (learn more) is used for its multi-level support to soothe, relax, calm and provide pain relief to nerves, muscles and all bodily systems (Adrenal, Cardiovascular, Digestive, Excretory, Respiratory, Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems), for anxiety disorders, allergies, digestive colic, storms, travel, boarding, vet visits, separation, restlessness, irritability, depression, ADHD and ADD, to maintain normal electrical balance in the brain, reduce neuro inflammation and modulate inflammatory response.

Conventional Remedies:

Diagnosis is achieved most commonly by serologic testing of the blood for the presence of antibodies against the ehrlichia organism.

During the acute phase of infection, the test can be falsely negative because the body will not have had time to make antibodies to the infection. As such, the test should be repeated.

A PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test can be performed during this stage to detect genetic material of the bacteria. The PCR test is more likely to yield a negative result during the subclinical and chronic disease phases.

In addition, blood tests may show abnormalities in the numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells, and most commonly platelets, if the disease is present. Uncommonly, a diagnosis can be made by looking under a microscope at a blood smear for the presence of the ehrlichia morulae, which sometimes can be seen as intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies within a white blood cell.

The prognosis is good for dogs and cats with acute ehrlichiosis. For dogs and cats that have reached the chronic stage of the disease, the prognosis is guarded. When bone marrow suppression occurs and there are low levels of blood cells, the animal may not respond to treatment.

Supportive care must be provided to animals that have clinical signs. Subcutaneous or intravenous fluids are given to dehydrated animals, and severely anemic dogs may require a blood transfusion. Treatment for ehrlichiosis involves the use of antibiotics such as tetracycline or doxycycline for a period of at least six to eight weeks; response to the drugs may take one month. In addition, steroids may be indicated in severe cases in which the level of platelets is so low that the condition is life threatening.

 

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