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Female

Herbal treatments to help support reproduction and sexual function in dogs and cats.

The endocrine system interacts with many organs and bodily systems, and the adrenal and thyroid glands plays a major role in providing critical trace nutrient support to all glands and tissue, and the adrenals can become stressed and fatigued, also affecting the liver, duodenum, and kidneys.

Female puppies and kittens are born with their reproductive organs present but not fully developed. The ovaries of the female puppy do not become fully developed until the puppy matures, usually after six months of age.

In female dogs and cats, the reproductive system is composed of the ovaries, oviducts, uterus, cervix, and vagina. The ovaries are the site of production of the unfertilized eggs, and affect the hormones responsible for heat cycles and the maintenance of pregnancy. The eggs pass from the ovaries into the oviducts.

These small finger-like tubes are the site of fertilization by male sperm. From there the eggs pass into the uterus, which is composed of the left and right horn and uterine body. The developing embryos mature within the uterus, attached to its walls by the placenta which also surrounds them.

The heat cycles of the female are caused and controlled by hormones that are produced and released by the ovaries and other glands within the body. The ovaries are paired structures that become activated when the animal passes through puberty, at the time of the first heat cycle. This occurs between five and eighteen months of age depending on the dog and the size of the animal.

In toy and other small breeds, heat cycles occur as early as five months of age, while in the giant breeds, this may not occur until the animal is fourteen to eighteen months old.

Typically, heat cycles occur every six to nine months throughout the life of the animal. In the very young and very old, there may be 'silent heats' with no outward signs that are detectable by the owner or sometimes even other dogs. Dogs do not undergo any form of menopause. There have been rare cases of heat cycles resulting in pregnancies at fifteen years of age.

The heat cycle, also called the estrus cycle, of the female is divided into four different stages. The cycle varies in length depending on the breed. The same animal may have significant variations over the course of a lifetime. It is therefore impossible to talk about the cycling of female dogs using exact dates or time periods.

Proestrus: The first stage of a heat cycle is a preparatory period referred to as proestrus. This follows a period in which the reproductive system appears inactive. Proestrus typically lasts five to nine days. On the first day of proestrus, the vagina becomes swollen and a bloody discharge can be observed. During this stage males show an interest in the female, but she will be unreceptive to them.

Estrus: The next stage is referred to as estrus. This is the active breeding phase, and usually lasts from five to nine days. Bleeding from the vagina is very slight or completely absent at this point. Eggs are released from the ovary and travel down the oviduct. During estrus, males will become more attracted to and attempt to mate with the female.

The female will allow a male dog to mount, resulting in intercourse. In the dog, a 'tie' usually occurs in which the male and female are held together physically, with the vagina tightly enclosed around the glans penis.

Ejaculation will occur and sperm cells will enter the uterus and make their way to the oviduct, where their union with the egg will result in fertilization. A tie is not necessary for conception to take place. The union of the egg and sperm results in the formation of a fertilized egg, which is referred to as a zygote. The zygote matures, developing into an embryo and then a fetus.

Diestrus: Following estrus is the diestrus period. During this time, the female dog will no longer be receptive to the male at the end of the pregnancy. In cycles in which a pregnancy does not occur, diestrus will last for a period of up to 80 days. In early diestrus, the embryos and their placentas attach to the wall of the uterus, from which they will derive their oxygen and nutrients.

Anestrus: Following diestrus is the phase called anestrus. This is the quiescent period between heat cycles characterized by no outward physical or behavioral signs of sexuality.

In male dogs, there is no seasonal period of increased or decreased sexual activity. Rather, they can be stimulated at any time by nearby females that are in season, also called heat.

In male dogs, the testicles, ductus or vas deferens, prostate gland, and penis are the important structures of the reproductive system. Sperm production and storage occurs within the testicles. Upon ejaculation, the sperm is transported to the prostate gland by the vas deferens. Within the prostate, additional fluids are added to the sperm to nourish it and aid in its transport from the penis and through the uterus.

The sperm and prostatic fluids, at the level of the prostate gland, enter the urethra and are carried from the body through the penis. The penis of the dog has two specialized structures. The glans penis is a bulb-like dilation at the base of the penis, which fills with blood and holds the penis within the vagina during intercourse. Within the penis is a bone that maintains the shape and direction of the organ during mating. The penis is protected from the environment, as it is enclosed within the sheath or prepuce.

The more common disorders of the reproductive tracts of puppies include vaginitis in females, and cryptorchidism and phimosis in males.

Herbal Treatments:

Herbal treatments that help to soothe and support the endocrine and reproductive systems, to support healthy gland function, for natural energy & vitality, to regulate the testes, to increase testosterone levels; to balance hormone levels & to promote breeding function.

Dog & Cat Kryptonite – (learn more) supports hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) function, enables the body to respond normally to stress and metabolic demands while supporting the glands' ability to rebuild and regenerate, supports healthy energy levels and vitality, promotes cognitive function and memory performance, for lethargic, aging or convalescing animals, regulates the organs which secrete hormones, including the pituitary, parotid, thyroid and adrenal glands, the pancreas, and the testes; stimulates the hypothalamus, supports endocrine function, the central nervous, digestive, immune and reproductive systems.

Tinkle Tonic – (learn more) treats prostate disorders, supports urinary tract and prostate health and reduces prostrate symptoms including Prostatitis and BHP disease (Benign Hyperplasia Prostate), promotes prostate gland health, a healthy bladder, urinary tract and bowel movements, reduces swollen and enlarged prostrate glands, promotes strong and healthy urine flow, relieves pain, discomfort and difficulty when urinating; for incomplete urination, increased frequency of urination or reduction in the volume of urine, relieves painful and strained defecation, increases circulation and strengthens the immune system.

Easy Flow – (learn more)  promotes cardiac and circulatory function, reduces the risk of heart disease by maintaining hearth health, supports the strength of veins, arteries, heart, muscle cell healing and regeneration, for hypertension, supports healthy blood circulation to the brain, for varicose veins, aching joints and heavy, swollen legs, encourages blood flow to remove waste products from the body, for degenerative diseases including arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis, Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Disease (CHD), Cardiomyopathy, Valvular Heart Disease, Endocardiosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, for mild heart arrhythmias and for heart problems associated with liver disease.

Related Products:

Life’s An Itch - (learn more) is used to promote optimal immune response, reduces allergic (acute and chronic) reactions, relieves viral and bacterial infections, hot spots,remediesskin allergies and irritations, soothes itchy skin and coat in dogs and cats, and works to cut recovery time and prevent recurring infections. 

I AM A ROCK STAR - (learn more) supports adrenal gland health and response to stress and metabolic demand, supports glandular ability to rebuild and regenerate, promotes hormonal balance, regulates stress on liver, kidney and digestive functions by reducing thirst and excessive elimination, promotes cognitive function and memory performance, balances blood sugar levels, for natural energy in young and geriatric pets, increases muscle use, ability and stamina, provides anti-inflammatory and immune support, helps maintain healthy adrenal, central nervous, digestive, immune and reproductive systems.

Conventional Treatments:

Your veterinarian will rule out infertility, hormonal problems such as hypothyroidism, testicular problems such as degeneration, and poor timing during breeding.

Your vet may measure hormone levels and conduct tests to define chromosomal sex characteristics to see whether abnormalities exist in the sex chromosomes.

Physical tests will include making note of the shape and size of the reproductive organs for comparative purposes, to confirm whether any external abnormalities exist.

Some patients will present with skin conditions along with the reproductive sex disorders and local or topical treatments may provide symptomatic relief.

Reconstructive surgery is a consideration for animals with deformed reproductive organs, especially in male dogs with misshapen genitals.

Sterilization may be necessary for the prevention of later complications, including recurring urinary tract infections.

 

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