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Emphysema

Emphysema

Herbal treatments to support a healthy respiratory system and for symptoms related to emphysema in dogs and cats.

Emphysema is the abnormal accumulation of air inside an organ or tissue. It usually refers to the build-up of air in some part of the respiratory tract. Air enters the lungs normally when your pet breathes in, but it gets diverted and becomes trapped in places where it doesn’t belong. Inflammation, physical pressure and other forces can disrupt lung tissue, trapping inhaled air.

Emphysema is commonly caused by a skin or internal wound, which allows air to be brought into tissues through the movements of muscles surrounding the laceration. Trauma, either blunt or penetrating, to the lungs, trachea (windpipe), esophagus or chest (thoracic) wall, can cause ulcerations or lacerations that lead to emphysema. Inflammatory lung illnesses, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic sterile bronchitis, can contribute to emphysema, as can cancer (neoplasia) and internal lung parasites.

Although it is uncommon, animals may develop emphysema from congenital bronchial hypoplasia, a condition in which the large airways are underdeveloped and dysfunctional at birth.

Inflammatory lung disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchitis, can also cause emphysema, as can cancer and lung parasites. Emphysema is seen mostly in middle-aged dogs. Symptoms can come on suddenly or slowly; some dogs never act sick. More commonly, affected animals cough, develop breathing difficulties and become weak, lethargic and depressed. The symptoms can become severe, requiring emergency hospitalization.

Symptoms of emphysema:

Loss of appetite (anorexia)

Weight loss

Lethargy

Weakness

Respiratory distress (labored breathing; difficulty breathing; dyspnea)

Increased heart rate (tachycardia)

Increased respiratory rate (tachypnea)

Cough

Exercise intolerance

Emphysema is seen most commonly in middle-aged dogs, although dogs of any age can be affected. There is no consistently reported breed or gender predisposition to developing this disease. However, the Pekingese seems prone to congenital lung lobe emphysema secondary to undeveloped or underdeveloped bronchi (large airways), which causes the airways to collapse partially when the dog exhales, leading to air trapping within the lungs.

Subcutaneous emphysemais a medical problem that affects cats and also involves air accumulation under the skin or other tissues. This condition may affect the skin or the lungs and is most frequently caused by a puncture wound, bite or trauma. If located under the skin, you may identify some bumps on the surface of the cat’s skin. The condition can cause breathing difficulties and is painful, requiring treatment.

Subcutaneous emphysema occurs 3 to 7 days after the puncture wound or trauma. Most commonly, you will be able to identify a bump. The skin may be thinner in this area and may also be crusty or flaky. If the amount of air accumulated in higher, the dog or cat will appear puffy looking.

Other possible causes include:

Trauma to the chest

The cat is scared by a sudden movement or noise

Damage to the trachea or bronchi

Damage to the lungs

Lung problems

Lungworms

Symptoms:

1 or several bumps under the skin

Swelling of the neck

Pain in the lung area

Licking of the affected area, cats tend to lick or bite areas that may cause pain or discomfort

Lack of energy

Depression

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal remedies are used for their beneficial effects on the respiratory

system to provide respiratory support and to help reduce respiratory disorder, to maintain clear, healthy chests, noses and throats, to relieve dry, hacking coughs & sneezing and to provide immune protection, to reduce symptoms related to panting from anxiety, heat stroke and overheating.

Seal ‘Em & Heal ‘Em – (learn more) promotes healing for all types of wounds, including hot spots, abrasions, bites, cuts, scrapes, skin irritations, infections, hemorrhaging conditions, ulcers, provides cellular support of tissue, skin and coat, for gastrointestinal distress, as a neurasthenic that blocks the activation of nerve fibers and tissue response to inflammation, supporting the body's tissue repair mechanism to stop mutations, and in the treatment of all types of Lyme disease, including Lyme borealis, burgdorferi, borreliosis and Chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

Life’s An Itch - (learn more) promotes optimal immune response, reduces acute and chronic seasonal allergies and irritations including contact, food, skin, atopic and parasitic allergens, reduces respiratory disorders, relieves wheezing, chest discomfort and sinus inflammation, soothes smooth muscles and tissues, alleviates respiratory congestion, as a bronchodilator, for asthma, coughs, pneumonia, laryngitis, esophaghitis (GERD, reflux), rhinitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, COPD, relieves viral and bacterial infections, hot spots, swelling, inflammation, hair loss, soothes itchy skin and coat in dogs and cats, and works to cut recovery time and prevent recurring infections.

I Want Liquid Immunity - (learn more) contains water-soluble plant bioflavonoids that function as potent antioxidants which help to normalize the release of histamine from mast cells, reducing the adverse effects of allergies, used for growth abnormalities such as tumors, cysts (often related to poor diet and excessive medication), promotes cellular health and reduces catabolic waste, and maintains health in organs, connective tissue and cells.

Related Products:

Soothed & Serene – (learn more) is used to relax and calm all bodily systems, to soothe animals exhibiting all types of  destructive behavior due toanxiety, fear, grief, separation, pain, illness, allergies, aggression, socialization issues, electrical and thunder storms due to its calming, mildly sedative and nervine effects that can bridge nutritional deficiencies and relieve irregularity in bodily systems, restore emotional balance, promote comfort, relaxation, balanced mood and feelings of security.

I Feel Good –  (learn more) promotes healthy immune response, reduces inflammation, provides dermal support and growth of healthy cells and tissues in the body’s defense mechanism, reduces the histamine trigger for contact allergies, seasonal and chronic allergens, pathogens, skin rashes, infections, hot spots, inflammation, swelling, hair loss, itching and geriatria (dull coat, lethargy), for all types of arthritis, including Degenerative Joint Disease, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and symptoms associated with rheumatism, including pain, strains, injuries, muscle pain, swelling and lack of mobility.

Conventional Remedies:

If you notice a bump or swelling, you need to consult your vet and get a clear diagnosis. The swelling may be related to emphysema, but it may also be a different type of problem such as cancer.

A radiograph and possibly a biopsy or skin scraping test will be performed. Your vet may also perform a thoracotomy or a thoracoscopy. A thoracotomy is a surgical procedure in which a large incision is made in the chest wall, between two ribs, allowing the veterinarian to open up the thoracic (chest) cavity and visualize the lungs, heart and trachea and take appropriate biopsies of any obviously abnormal tissue.

Thoracoscopy involves making a much smaller incision in the chest wall and using a wand-like instrument with a camera on its tip to enter the thoracic cavity, take a look around and then take biopsy samples. In either case, the tissue samples will be submitted to a veterinary diagnostic laboratory for microscopic assessment through a process called histopathology.

If the diagnosis is emphysema, the vet will schedule an appointment to extract the air that is gathered under the animal’s skin. A sterile needle will be used or a small scalpel, depending on the size of the bump. In some cases, the condition will go away without treatment.

 

 

 

 

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