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Edema

Edema

Herbal treatments to help relieve swelling and edema in dogs and cats.

The canine and feline musculoskeletal system has many components including bones, blood vessels, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons, and support organs that include the liver, kidneys, and adrenal glands. Age, injuries and wear and tear can undermine your pet’s joints and connective tissue, causing stiff and aching joints, degenerative disease and trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body.

The immune system requires a multidimensional approach of nutritional factors directed at facilitating normal function and is not intended to be suppressed or stimulated. The immune system is also tasked with supporting healthy immune response, enhancing growth of healthy cells and tissues in the body’s defense mechanism, useful for all types of arthritis, cancer and tumors. The immune system works to protect healthy cellular response, to protect against invasion by potential allergens and pathogens, for most types of viral and bacterial diseases and diseases and for all types of inflammation and auto immune diseases.

Pets are susceptible to muscle and joint conditions such as swollen joints. Swollen joints can cause intense discomfort and pain, especially during colder seasons. Dogs and cats are both affected, although larger dog breeds such as German Shepherds, Labradors and Golden Retrievers are more prone to swollen joints.

Age, wear and tear of the joints over time as well as being overweight can also lead to joint swelling. Swelling of the joints is often associated with muscle and joint problems such as tenderness, warmth, redness, inflammation, stiffness and pain. It is most likely a sign of arthritis, a gradual degenerative joint disease.

Edema is swelling caused by fluid retention. Fluid becomes trapped in/around tissue and can be generalized or localized throughout the animal body.  

Edema occurs when capillaries, or tiny blood vessels, leak fluid into the surrounding tissue, causing swelling. This can be due to capillary damage or increased pressure. Leaking capillaries will cause the kidneys to accumulate higher than normal quantities of sodium (salt) and water in order to compensate for the capillary fluid loss. This results in more blood circulating in the body, which in turn causes even more capillary leakage into the surrounding tissue, which produces additional swelling.  

There are many types of edema but the most common include: 

Peripheral edema - in the feet (pedal edema), ankles, legs, paws and hind quarters. 

Cerebral edema - in and around the brain (cerebral edema).

Eye edema - in and around the eyes, e.g. macular edema, corneal edema, periorbital edema (puffiness around the eyes. Macular edema is a serious complication of diabetic retinopathy. 

Edema is most commonly caused by:

Physical inactivity: Edema is more prevalent among pets that get little to no exercise, including walks. 

Standing or sitting still for long periods: The greater the time spent standing or sitting, the higher the chance of swelling.  

Genes: Genetics have been linked to blindness, caused by corneal edema. 

Surgery: Edema is common following a surgery.  - there is usually some swelling after a surgical procedure.

Heat: During high temperatures the body is less efficient at removing fluid from tissues, especially around the ankles

Burns: As the skin reacts to a burn, it responds by retaining fluid, causing localized swelling.

Pregnancy: During pregnancy, female dogs and cats release hormones which encourage the body to retain fluids. 

Malnutrition and/or por diet: A diet low in vitamin B complex may contribute toward fluid retention. Low levels of albumin levels may also be related as low albumin levels can also be caused by kidney disease.

If you notice any swelling of your pet’s limbs, consult your vet immediately and take preventative measures so more serious health complications do not develop.

The common symptoms and signs of muscle and joint edema include:

Morning stiffness

Reduced activity

Pain in the joints

Limping

Whining or crying when getting up or being picked up

Joint of the affected limb thickens

Favoring one limb over the other

Lethargy

Difficulty sitting or standing

Reluctance to jump, run or climbing stairs

Clicking when walking

Swollen joints in dogs and cats various can be caused by various muscle and joint conditions, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, trauma injury to the joint, sprains or strains, hip dysplasia, spondylosis, spondylitis, viral infections, tumors of the joint, genetic factors and degenerative joint disease.

A few things that you as a pet owner can do at home is to ensure that your pet maintains a healthy weight, eats a well balanced, premium diet to boost the immune system and encourage gentle exercise such as walking and swimming.

Taking preventative measures and making certain lifestyle changes such as weight loss, proper nutrition, regular exercise and adding natural supplements (glucosamine, ester-c, msm, chondroitin and hyaluronic acid can make a significant difference to your pet’s joint health. A more holistic approach that includes acupuncture, chiropractic therapy or massage can also reduce your pet’s symptoms and improve overall health and well being.

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal and marine treatments have been used effectively for millennia to treat degenerative joint disease and conditions, to reduce symptoms of pain and inflammation; acts as an anti-inflammatory and immune builder, supporting the joints and skeletal system as well as overall health, in the treatment of degenerative joint diseases, to strengthen and support healthy joints and alleviate pain and inflammation.

Joint Ease Super Dog & Cat – (learn more) contains plant and marine extracts that promote preventative and reparative support to rebuild tissue, joints, bones and muscles; supports healthy immune and inflammatory response; for rheumatism; for arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, rheumatism, Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD), Intervertebral Disk Disease (IDD) & arthrosis; for muscle pains, strains, injuries and other degenerative joint related diseases; for pain; as a pain reliever for swelling and lack of mobility; for overall optimal health and function & as a natural alternative for tumors and cysts.

I Feel Good –  (learn more) promotes healthy immune response, reduces all types of inflammation, provides dermal support and growth of healthy cells and tissues in the body’s defense mechanism, reduces the histamine trigger for contact allergies, seasonal and chronic allergens, pathogens, skin rashes, infections, hot spots, inflammation, swelling, hair loss, itching and geriatria (dull coat, lethargy), for all types of arthritis, including Degenerative Joint Disease, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and symptoms associated with rheumatism, including pain, strains, injuries, muscle pain, swelling and lack of mobilityplus contains prebiotics and probiotics useful in balancing digestive health and function plus much more. 

The Daily Paws  (learn more) is used as a multi-system nutritive for daily maintenance of all body systems, with emphasis on a healthy endocrine system, promotes healthy skin and shiny, glossy coats due to its high mineral and vitamin content, and is used to maintain body temperature, (important in immuno-compromised animals), and for a multiplicity of conditions and diseases including for allergies, arthritis, cognitive disorder and cancer, for urinary disorders to alkalinize (higher Ph) acidic urine and for blood purification.

Easy Flow – (learn more) promotes cardiac and circulatory function, reduces the risk of heart disease by maintaining hearth health, supports the strength of veins, arteries, heart, muscle cell healing and regeneration, for hypertension, supports healthy blood circulation to the brain, for varicose veins, aching joints and heavy, swollen legs, encourages blood flow to remove waste products from the body, for degenerative diseases including arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis, Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Disease, Cardiomyopathy, Valvular Heart Disease, Endocardiosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, for mild heart arrhythmias and as a stroke preventative.

Conventional Remedies:

The diagnoses of swollen joints are based on the symptoms presented, and a thorough physical assessment of your pet’s joints. Certain tests such as blood tests, x-rays and fluid samples from the joint may be needed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.

Your vet may prescribe anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications which include acetaminophen, NSAIDS, and corticosteroids to control pain and reduce joint swelling. The aim of conventional treatment for swollen joints is to manage pain, reduce inflammation and ease discomfort. Your vet may prescribe medications such analgesics and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Prednisone, Palaprin or Dermaxx.

Keep in mind that long-term use of these medications can cause serious side effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, damage to the joint and cartilage, liver and kidneys. Resting the joint is very important and treating the affected area with immobilization and medications can also minimize symptoms and speed recovery. In more severe cases, joint surgery, splinting or casting may be necessary.

Treatment for arthritis may be medical or surgical. Nonsurgical therapies include weight reduction (never underestimate the importance of this), controlled exercise on soft surfaces and/or hydrotherapy, and applying warm compresses, such as hot water bottles to those aching, stiff joints.

Conventional medicine also makes use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, meloxicam, carprofen, phenylbutazone and corticosteroids. These act by blocking certain pathways in the pain response but long-term use must be carefully considered as adverse effects include gastro-intestinal problems such as poor appetite, vomiting and gastro-intestinal ulcers.

Surgical options include joint fusion, joint replacement such as hip replacement, joint excision and amputation.

There’s no way to prevent arthritic changes whether they’re simply due to the ageing process or because of earlier trauma to the joint. Certainly prompt treatment of any suspected joint or bone injury is highly recommended and making sure that your pet doesn’t become overweight will minimize the chances of arthritis developing.

More serious cases of arthritis or osteoarthritis may require surgery such as joint replacement or removal as well as reconstructive procedures to repair or rebuild joint cartilages. Alternative treatments such as physical therapy, hydrotherapy and massage may also be beneficial in increasing range of motion.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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