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Amebic Infections

Amebic Infections

Herbal treatments to reduce the risk and severity of amebic infections in dogs and cats.

Amebiasis is a parasitic infection caused by a one celled organism known as an ameba and can affect dogs and cats. There are two types of parasitic ameba that infect dogs and cats including Entamoeba histolytica and Acanthamoeba.

Occasionally, this microscopic protozoan may infect dogs and cats. An animal becomes infected with the amoeba by ingesting food or water contaminated with the cysts or trophozoites (motile forms) of the parasite.

Pet owners are the normal source of this infection in dogs.

Once infected, some animals fail to develop any signs of illness. Other animals are not so fortunate and may present amebiasis as an acute or chronic illness.

In acute amebiasis, the parasite invades the mucosal lining of the intestine resulting in ulcerative hemorrhagic colitis. The signs of colitis may vary from a mild stomach upset to severe abdominal pain and profuse diarrhea. Severe cases may result in potentially life-threatening dysentery. Non-fatal cases may resolve with out treatment or can develop into chronic amebiasis. The diarrhea in cases of amebiasis may be blood stained and can contain mucus.

An animal with chronic amebiasis exhibits anorexia, weight loss and diarrhea, which may be continuous or intermittent. Some pets have tenesmus, which is a painful, urgent need to defecate which results in very little or sometimes no stool being passed. In some animals, the amoebae invade tissues other than the intestines including the kidneys liver and even the brain. The signs of extra-intestinal amebiasis depend upon the organs invaded by the parasite.

Entamoeba histolytica is usually an asymptomatic disease. Severe infections can cause colitis, resulting in bloody diarrhea. Hematogenous spread (spread through the body via the blood stream) causes damage to and failure of major organ systems. Symptoms are dependent on the organ system involved but death is the usual outcome.

Acanthamoeba causes granulamatous and amebic meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the brain), resulting in lack of appetite, fever, lethargy, discharges from the eyes and nose, difficulty breathing and neurological signs (lack of coordination, seizures, etc.)

Entamoeba histolyticus is most often spread through the ingestion of infected human feces.

There are two species of Acanthamoeba that are free-living:  A. castellani and A. culbertsoni. Both species can be found in freshwater, saltwater, soil and sewage.

Animals can become infected by ingesting or inhaling contaminated water, soil or sewage.

Colonization of the pet’s skin by Acanthamoeba can occur and can be a cause of infection.

Colonization of the cornea of the eye by Acanthamoeba can occur and can be a cause of infection.

The infection can be spread through the blood stream (hematogenous spread.)

Infection of the nose can spread into the brain.

Young and immuno compromised animals are the most likely to become ill.

Herbal Remedies:

Herbal remedies are used to reduce symptoms of amoebic infections, to promote general, systemic health in dogs and cats, to help keep an animal free of infection, to soothe all bodily systems affected by infection, for its antifungal, antiviral and antibacterial properties, to support incurable viral infections such as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and other life threatening amoebic infections, to promote immunity and reduce inflammation, diseases and conditions related to infection and to maintain the normal balance of micro flora in the gut, to promote and restore liver and digestive health.

Shake Ur Groove Thing – (learn more) promotes healthy bowel function and purification, gentle parasitic detoxification and body clarification, used for cramping, pain, constipation, gas and bloating, supports correct balance of intestinal flora and helps calms the digestive system, for anal fissures, fistulas, hemorrhoids, food allergies and hypersensitivities, as a general skin support, and provides a healthy solution for waste and toxin removal, includingpesticides, environmental toxins, chemicals related to flea and tick products and drugs regimens such as NSAID’s and synthetic glucosteriods and corticosteroids.

Seal ‘Em & Heal ‘Em – (learn more) promotes healing for all types of wounds, including hot spots, abrasions, bites, cuts, scrapes, skin irritations, infections, hemorrhaging conditions, ulcers, provides cellular support of tissue, skin and coat, for gastrointestinal distress, as a neurasthenic that blocks the activation of nerve fibers and tissue response to inflammation, supporting the body's tissue repair mechanism to stop mutations, and in the treatment of all types of Lyme disease, including Lyme borealis, burgdorferi, borreliosis and Chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

Love Your Liver - (learn more)promotes theperformance, health and repair of the liver, kidneys and bladder, facilitates rental and digestive excretions, provides protection and detoxification from insecticides, toxins, vaccinations, an inappropriate diet and an excess of food, relieves symptoms such as pressure, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and flatulence, regulates kidney acid/alkaline levels, for hepatic lipidosis, Fatty Liver Disease (FLD),  Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS) and Feline cholangiohepatitis.

Related Products:

Yummy Tummy – (learn more) promotes Probiotic digestive, urinary, bladder and gall bladder support, for all types of digestive disorders, promotes proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients, for bladder (cystitis) and kidney (pyelonephritis) infections, for urine leakage and urinary incontinence, as a natural, plant-based steroid alternative, provides important support for cramping, pain, discomfort, Gastroenteritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD), prostate inflammation, BHP, prostatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS) and for Candida albicans.

Get Well Soon – (learn more)is as an immune booster, an adjunctive cytotoxic (kills cancer cells) therapy against cancer cells and complementary therapy in cancer protocols due to its active content of Annonaceous acetogenins, for its significant anti-tumorous (slows growth), anti-cancerous activity (inhibits anaerobic cells while protecting healthy cells), broad-spectrum internal and external antimicrobial, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-viral properties against infection, for cysts and tumors, including fibrous, fatty, sebaceous tumors including cutaneous mast cell tumors (mastocytomas, mast cell tumors, sarcomas), lipomas, histiocytomas, adenomas hyperplasia and papillomas. Also used for the following types of tumors: hind quarter, deep tissue, lesions, polyps, warts, basal and mast cell, bone, brain, heart, liver, kidney, bladder, mammary, skin, stomach, eye, ear, nose, mouth and leg tumors.

Conventional Treatments:

Consultation with a veterinarian is essential if you suspect your pet has amebiasis. Many different non-pathogenic amoebae can colonize an animal’s intestine and it requires an expert to distinguish these from Entamoeba histolytica. A veterinarian will also ensure the correct dosage of medication is given to your animal.

Blood testing (complete blood cell count and blood chemistry profile), stool sampling and urine testing (urinalysis) are usually performed.  

Stool samples reveal motile amoebae and trophozoites. As excretion of the parasite is intermittent, and more than one stool examination may be required. Trophozoites can be difficult to find in the feces. Special stains are often used to increase their visibility, including central spinal fluid (CSF) taps. Infections involving the meningoencephalitis form of the disease may show abnormalities, including an elevated white blood cell count, abnormal protein levels and xanthochromia.

Occasionally, diagnosis requires a colonoscopy to obtain a biopsy or scrapings from the ulcerated areas for microscopic examination. Biopsies may reveal damage to the intestinal lining as well as trophozoites (a stage in the life cycle of the infecting organism.)

Dogs with severe diarrhea may require intravenous fluids to maintain hydration and electrolyte balance. The suggested medication for treatment of dogs with amebiasis is metronidazole (Flagyl® or Metrogyl®) or furazolidone (Furoxone®). Some dogs continue to shed the parasite after completion of the antibiotic therapy.

MRI of the brain may reveal granulomas in the meningoencephalitis form.

brain biopsies.

Metronidazole is used to control the symptoms of colitis and is usually successful. However, the systemic forms of the disease (i.e. infections that are spread via the blood stream) are usually fatal despite treatment although symptomatic treatment can be attempted.

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