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Stones in Dogs and Cats / Types of Stones in Dogs and Cats

Stones

Herbal treatments which may help nutritionally prevent stone formation and to help prevent infections of the kidneys and urinary tract in cats and dogs.

In renal challenges, the kidneys not only need to be supported but consideration should also be given to support of the liver, cardiovascular system and autonomic nervous system, facilitate the support and natural rehabilitation of the kidneys and other important tissues. 

Dog and cat bladder stones are formed usually as a result of poor diet or metabolic dysfunction. When dogs and cats have bladder stones, they present urinary problems, including unusual accidents in the house and accidents outside of the litter box, straining to urinate, etc.

Bladder stones are urinary mineral deposits that gather in the urinary tract and crystalize over time. The crystals then build upon each other to create "stones". They cause urinary tract irritation and pain during urination.

Eighty-five percent of the stones are formed in a dog or cats bladder, but they can also be found in the entire urinary tract. The kidneys, ureters (tiny tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder) and  urethra (the tube from the bladder to the outside of the animal) can all develop stones, crystal, gravel or calculi.

When a stone that has passed into the urethra is large enough, it can cause blockage of the urethra. When this happens, the dog or cat cannot urinate which is a serious condition, as toxins and waste cannot be eliminated in the urine from the dog's body. This may require emergency operation to remove the stones from the urethra.

Common symptoms of stones in dogs and cats: 

Frequent urination with small quantities

Urinating in inappropriate places

Bloody urine

Discomfort and straining while urinating

"Dribbling urine" (may indicate a partial blockage of the urethra)

If there is a a complete blockage of the urethra, the dog or cat cannot urinate at all.

There are several different types of stones that form in dogs and cats.

Struvite Bladder Stones

These stones are composed of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate and form in urine that has a neutral or alkaline pH level. They occur more commonly in female dogs and cats.

Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones

These stones are found in certain breeds of dogs and cats as a result of a hereditary condition. These animals lack nephrocalcin, a calcium-binding glycoprotein, which inhibits the development of calcium oxalate crystals in the urinary tract.

Dogs and cats with Cushing's disease are predisposed to calcium oxalate bladder stone formation, due to elevated calcium levels in their urine.

Uric Acid Bladder Stones

These stones are formed almost exclusively in Dalmatians (about 80% of dogs with uric acid stones are Dalmatians) because of the inability of their livers to absorb uric acid. Two other breeds that can be genetically predisposed to uric acid bladder stones are Bulldogs and Russian Terriers.

Uric acid bladder stone formation can also be caused by a liver shunt. Have your vet check your dog or cat for the presence of urate crystals (which lead to uric acid stone formation), especially if your dog has been diagnosed with a liver shunt.

There are numerous possible causes of bladder stones, including: 

Diet: Diets that are high in protein and certain minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, may increase the chances of the formation dog bladder stones.

Age: Older dogs are more prone to develop bladder stones.

Genetics: For reasons unknown, some breeds are more susceptible to bladder stone formation than others. Small dogs, such as the Pug, Pekingese, Yorkshire terrier, Beagle, Dachshund, Welsh Corgi, Miniature Schnauzer, Bulldog, and Cocker Spaniel, are breeds most at risk. Dalmatians tend to have uric acid bladder stones.

Exposure to Cadmium: Studies have found that cadmium exposure increases the risk of formation of bladder stones in dogs. For domestic pets such as dogs and cats, cigarette smoke is the most common source of cadmium exposure.

Bacterial Infections: Bacterial infections of the bladder can also lead to the formation of struvite bladder stones.

Lack of Exercise: Dogs that are couch potatoes and do not get to go out to eliminate wastes several times a day are also prone to develop bladder stones.

Ensure that your pet always has plenty of fresh, clean water

If pet does not drink a lot of water, give him additional fluids; add water to food. 

If your pet stays indoors, let him out every few hours to urinate

Encourage your pet to drink water during a bladder infection as it is essential that the unwanted toxins are flushed out

Boost your pet’s immune system with immune system supplements

Feed your pet natural, chemical free food as commercial foods increase their risk of infection and weakens the immune system

If you do feed your pet commercial, processed foods, use a prescription diet prescribed by your vet

Walk your dog at least twice a day to increase the frequency of urination

If have an indoor cat, check that his litter box is clean and accessible

Line the litter tray with newspaper and use about a cup of litter at a time, changing it each time it has been used.

Organic Remedies - (listed in order of relevance and recommendation by holistic vets for this disease or condition - human grade meets highest safety criteria for pets)

Herbal remedies have proven to be highly effective in the treatment of all types of stones including bladder infections and other urinary related problems, for its anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties to reduce urinary tract infection, to reduce inflammation and strengthen the immune system, for the treatment of severe cystitis, urine retention that may occur with prostate problems and symptoms of burning urine.

Stix & Stones – (learn more) promotes improved kidney function, helps to treat urinary tract infections (bladder and kidney infections; for kidney and liver disease; tones and balances kidney, liver, intestine, pancreas, gall bladder function and health; reduces uric acid levels in urine; increases urination, blocks the formation of calcium crystals such as calcium oxalate and prevents them from entering kidney and bladder cells, provides pH modulation (urine pH balance); for urinary system disorders and pathologies and for hepatic insufficiency, helps to break up kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones and gravel (active stones, crystals and as a preventative); helps to safely remove stones from the body. This product has been proven to be 94% effective at addressing urinary tract infections, and all types of stones, gravel, calculi and crystals in dogs and cats.

Break It Up  (learn more) helps to eliminate liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, crystals, grains and gravel (calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones ) with less pain and safely removes them from the body; helps to treat bladder and kidney infections (urinary infections) and diseases, balances and normalizes liver enzyme levels, reduces uric acid and increases urination, for cystitis and prostatitis, infectious hepatitis and leptospirosis, Fatty Liver Disease, (hepatic lipidosis), Feline cholangiohepatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (FIV), Leaky Gut Syndrome, Intestinal Dysbiosis and Intestinal Hypermerability. This product has been proven to be 90% effective at addressing urinary tract infections, stones, gravel, calculi and crystals in dogs and cats.

Break It Up Meal Topper – (learn more) has been proven to break up to 94% of bladder stones, crystals, calculi and gravel within 2 weeks of use; may help address all types of stones, including liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, gravel, crystals, grains and calculi, including calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones; adaptogen content may help work preventatively against future stone formation and urinary tract infection by helping to identify and nutritionally address cellular imbalances related to stone and infection cycles; adaptogen content may help address urinary tract infections, including chronic UTI’s by nutritionally helping identify and correct cellular imbalances and infection cycles; may help reduce the amount of cortisol and calcium produced in the urine and helps normalize pH levels in the animal body, which may be beneficial for dogs and cats suffering from chronic and episodic upper urinary tract and bladder infections and kidney infections; may help normalize liver enzyme levels, helps reduce uric acid, helps acidify urine and helps increase urination and may provide relief from prostatitis.

Tinkle Tonic  (learn more) helps address male specific issues of the urinary tract, including may help address prostate disorders, help nutritionally support urinary tract and prostate health and help reduce prostrate symptoms including Prostatitis and Benign Hyperplasia Prostate disease (BHP), help promote prostate gland health, a healthy bladder, urinary tract and bowel movements, help soothe and reduce swollen and enlarged prostrate glands, help promote strong and healthy urine flow, relieve pain, discomfort and difficulty when urinating; for incomplete urination, increased frequency of urination or reduction in the volume of urine, help relieve painful and strained defecation, help increase circulation and strengthen the immune system; help nutritionally address urinary incontinence and weakened bladders.

Stone Breaker Starter Pack – (learn more) helps to break up and helps eliminate liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, crystals, grains and gravel (calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones ) with less pain and safely removes them from the body; helps to treat bladder and kidney infections (urinary infections) and diseases, balances and normalizes liver enzyme levels, reduces uric acid and increases urination, for cystitis and prostatitis, infectious hepatitis and leptospirosis, Fatty Liver Disease, (hepatic lipidosis), Feline cholangiohepatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (FIV), Leaky Gut Syndrome, Intestinal Dysbiosis and Intestinal Hypermerability. This product has been proven to be 90% effective at addressing urinary tract infections, stones, gravel, calculi and crystals in dogs and cats.

 

  

 

 

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