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Renal Failure in Dogs and Cats

Renal Failure & Dysfunction

Herbal treatments for canines and felines to help reduce kidney disease failure in cats and dogs.

The endocrine system interacts with many organs and bodily systems, and the adrenal and thyroid glands plays a major role in providing critical trace nutrient support to all glands and tissue, and the adrenals can become stressed and fatigued, also affecting the liver, duodenum, and kidneys.

Dog kidney failure, or Canine Kidney Failure (CIN), or feline kidney failure (FIN), can be acute or chronic. Acute kidney failure is highly fatal and usually occurs as a result of some sort of poisoning, such as anti-freeze poisoning. Chronic kidney failure occurs and progresses over a period of time and is one of the more common problems seen in aging dogs and cats.

The kidneys are responsible for a variety of functions, including regulation of fluid, electrolytes, and acid-base balance; as well as filtering and excreting metabolic wastes as urine. Kidneys also regulate blood pressure and the production of calcium and phosphorus metabolism. The liver and kidneys are fragile organs and tasked with filtering out waste and toxins in the body. Because each system in an animal’s body is linked, once a system is compromised, it often affects others and the kidneys and liver are commonly affected.

Kidney failure is a condition in which an animal’s kidneys are unable to remove wastes from the blood, leading to a buildup of toxins in the blood. A pet with kidney failure shows signs and symptoms of uremic poisoning. Kidney failure can occur suddenly (acute kidney failure) or come on gradually over a period of time (chronic kidney failure).

Acute kidney failure happens suddenly, and is usually the result of poisoning of some type, such as antifreeze poisoning, raisin or grape poisoning, or certain medications, such as some antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs. Bacterial infections and congestive heart failure may also bring about acute kidney failure. Dehydration (because, for example, the animal has no access to fresh clean water) can also cause acute kidney failure.

Acute kidney failure is highly fatal. An animal suffering from acute kidney failure requires hospitalization with emergency treatment of intensive fluid therapy.

Chronic kidney failure is more common in dogs than cats and is usually a slow, progressive disease that unfortunately often goes undetected for quite some time. When the kidneys have lost 70 to 75 percent of their cells, it is considered that kidney failure has begun. Up until this point, although kidney cells may be deteriorating or dying gradually, the proper functioning of the kidneys usually remain intact and the cell loss is therefore unnoticed.

Common causes of chronic kidney failure include:


A diet that contains excessive amount of phosphorus in the food AND insufficient quantity of usable calcium is problematic since the kidneys cannot eliminate the phosphorus effectively. This will result in the formation of kidney stones or degeneration of kidney tissues, which can lead to kidney failure in the long run.

Other Diseases

Dogs and cats can also develop kidney problem as a result of other diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, congenital and inherited disorders, and autoimmune diseases. As dogs with chronic kidney failure usually do not show symptoms until they have lost 75 percent of their kidney functions, it is often impossible to cure the disease at that stage. However, once diagnosed, at least we can slow down the progression of the disease with proper treatment and care.

Common symptoms of Acute Kidney Failure:

Loss of appetite



Walking with stiff legs or reluctance to move

An arched back due to painful kidneys

Little or no urine output

To test for dehydration in dogs or cats, gently pull the skin away from your pet’s back. If the skin does not immediately spring back, the dog may be dehydrated.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure:

Increased thirst

Frequent urination with large quantities of pale urine

Poor appetite

Weight loss

Nausea or vomiting




Bad breath

Mouth ulcers (in later critical stage)

Dietary change is another crucial way to help control kidney disease. Some studies suggest that a low-phosphorus diet supplemented by calcium is beneficial for dogs and cats with chronic kidney failure, since the diet can reduce the chances of kidney crystal and stone formation, thereby slowing down the deterioration of the kidneys that eventually leads to kidney failure. Low protein diets are sometimes suggested for chronic kidney failure as they generate fewer nitrogenous wastes. The down-side of low-protein diets is that your dog or cat may not be able to get sufficient nutrients from the foods.

Herbal Nutrition - (listed in order of relevance and recommendation by holistic vets - human grade meets/exceeds highest safety criteria for pets)

Herbal remedies can be highly effective at delivering vital nutrients to help nourish the kidneys and help maintain proper pH balance in the body; to help nutritionally and phytochemically ease kidney failure and kidney disease; may help slow disease progression, to help support kidney conditions and function, to help support healthy urinary function, to help rehabilitate liver and kidney tissues; to help purify and cleanse the blood, to help promote kidney, liver and urinary tract health and to maintain healthy blood pressure.

Kidney Support Meal Topper* - (learn more) is a potent antioxidant and kidney nutritional support, containing first class adaptogen plus a variety of natural plant chemicals, vitamins, minerals, fatty and amino acids plus silica and boldine which may help support robust nutritional, phytochemical and rehabilitative support of the kidneys, o help balance kidney function, help tone connective tissues and help stabilize pH balance, may help reduce inflammation in the kidneys and bladder related to urinary inflammation and infection by helping limit toxin load on the kidneys and susceptibility to the growth of certain bacteria and fungi that affects the kidneys and liver, may help support proper excretion of waste products by the kidneys and may help detoxify and protect the kidneys and liver by promoting bile production.  

Stix and Stones - (learn more) Stix and Stones may nutritionally help reduce urinary tract inflammation; may help support healthy kidney function and its natural plant adaptogen content may help identify the source of the urinary tract infection at a cellular level and nutritionally work to help restore balance in the bladder, kidneys and ureters; may help moderate cortisol and calcium levels in the blood; may help normalize pH levels toward balance (neither acidic or alkaline); may work to help limit all types of future urinary tract infections (UTI's) and stone formation and crystal formation by blocking their formation in the kidneys and bladder (i.e. calcium oxalate stones from acidic urine; struvite stones from alkaline urine); may help address and break up commonly occurring stone formation related to kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones, gravel, crystals and calculi; adaptogen content helps carry out reparative actions against cellular dysfunction that allows stones to form by helping to block unwanted material from entering kidney cells and supporting their safe elimination in the urinary tract; suitable for all life stages of dogs and cats.

Hepa Protect – (learn more) may help support proper liver function and metabolism, bile production and flow, ma help rehabilitate the performance, health and repair of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gall bladder, may help rehabilitate and detoxify the kidneys and liver; tones and balances the connective tissue of the liver, kidneys and bladder, normalizes liver enzyme levels, regulates kidney acid/alkaline levels, for all types of stones and gravel of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gallbladder, including oxalate and struvite crystals and stones; reduces uric acid, for gall bladder inflammation, gall stones and gallbladder infections, for renal colic and renal calculi; helps to protect red blood cell formation, useful in diseases such as ehrlichia, ehrlichiosis.

Break It Up  (learn more) helps to eliminate liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, crystals, grains and gravel (calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones ) with less pain and safely removes them from the body; helps to treat bladder and kidney infections (urinary infections) and diseases, balances and normalizes liver enzyme levels, reduces uric acid and increases urination, for cystitis and prostatitis, infectious hepatitis and leptospirosis, Fatty Liver Disease, (hepatic lipidosis), Feline cholangiohepatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (FIV), Leaky Gut Syndrome, Intestinal Dysbiosis and Intestinal Hypermerability. This product has been proven to be 90% effective at addressing urinary tract infections, stones, gravel, calculi and crystals in dogs and cats.



Conventional Remedies:

Diagnosis involves a blood test and a urine test.

As the functions of the animal's kidneys deteriorate, excessive amounts of nitrogen, acids, ammonia, and other chemical wastes are retained in the dog's blood and tissues, referred to as uremia.

The degree of uremia is determined by a blood test that measures the blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and electrolytes.

Pets with chronic kidney failure have high BUN and creatinine levels. (Normal BUN and creatinine levels are about 10-25 mg/dl and 1-2 mg/dl, respectively.)

One common treatment is subcutaneous fluid therapy. If your dog or cat is suffering from chronic kidney disease, your veterinarian's office will most likely train you to do this at home.



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