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The immune system is a complex array of cells that are found throughout the body. Immune cells are designed to function in conjunction with one another to provide a fortified defense against unwanted invaders, such as allergens. When your animal’s immune system reacts to an irritating substance, it is considered to be an allergic reaction.

When we see a dog or a cat with a shiny healthy coat, we regard it as a sign of health and vitality. However, without proper care, the coat of any animal may become lackluster, brittle and may even begin to fall out.

While many factors influence a healthy coat, nutrition is crucial. The right balance of protein, carbohydrates and minerals can go a long way to help keeping your pet’s coat healthy.

Although it may be cheaper to purchase generic brands of pet food, these brands may not contain high quality ingredients, and will likely contain corn, wheat, soy, chemical additives and preservatives and are likely not the best choice for healthy skin and coat.

Recommended food brands include Blue Buffalo, Evo, Natural Balance, Solid Gold and Wellness brands for dogs and cats in dry kibble and wet, canned food varieties.

Holistic and homemade pet foods (preferably using organic produce) contain essential minerals and nutrients. The skin of an animal requires these nutrients to produce natural oils to help keep the skin and hair follicles hydrated, moisturized and protected naturally.

Although you may not realize it, worms and internal parasites can sap vital nutrients from your dog or cat’s system – causing harm to his or her coat (as well as other, more serious health problems). Your vet should perform a fecal examination during a routine check up to look for worms.

Fleas and ticks can also wreak havoc on an animal’s coat. Severe itchiness will most likely lead to consistent scratching, hot spots and weeping skin, leading your pet’s coat to look ‘patchy’ and uneven.

Having your pet groomed regularly and attempting basic grooming at home are all ways to take care of your pet. Professional pet groomers are probably the best option but grooming at home is possible.

Grooming our dog at home on a regular basis enables us to observe and identify abnormalities in our dog's body early on, and that can sometimes mean life or death to our pet down the road.

How to Groom A Dog at Home:

Dog Teeth Cleaning

We all love a dog with clean teeth and sweet breath, and dog tooth cleaning only takes a few minutes a day. Keeping your dog's teeth clean can prevent not only dental and gum problems such as tartar and plaque build-up, but it can also prevent whole body health problems such as diseases of the heart, liver, and kidneys.

Dog Ear Cleaning

Cleaning dog ears is one important thing that all dog parents should do regularly because it is an important way to prevent some common canine health problems. Dogs' ears, especially those long and floppy ones, are the perfect hiding places for earmites, as well as the breeding ground for bacteria and yeast. If your dog's ears are not cleaned regularly to get rid of these bugs and micro-organisms, serious infections can result.

Dog Bathing

Most dog parents think that dogs do not like bathing. However, if done right, most dogs actually do not mind taking a bath - and some even enjoy it a lot. The most important thing is to train your dog to like taking a bath and to make the bathing experience less scary and stressful and more enjoyable.

Removing Skunk Smell

Dog sprayed by skunks is no laughing matter because the sulphuric spray is not only extremely foul smelling, but it can also blind a dog for up to two days if it hits the dog's eyes. In addition, it is very difficult to get the spray out of a dog's coat.

Dog Nail Trimming

Trimming dog nails is a very important part of dog grooming. Yet many dog parents choose to pay a vet or a groomer to do the job because many dogs put up a fight when it comes to dog nail trimming. However, if you train your dog properly, you too can trim and cut your dog's nails.

Expressing Anal Glands

When a dog's anal glands become inactive, the anal gland ducts may become clogged, the glands will then be overfilled with secretion, and a condition called "anal gland impaction" results. Impacted anal glands have to be emptied and they can be emptied out manually. You can also try to do it yourself if you don't mind the smell.

Dog Shedding

All dogs shed - even the nearly hairless breeds such as Mexican Hairless dogs do so. We cannot stop our dogs from shedding; however, we can do several things to keep stray hair to a minimum. As well, if your dog sheds excessively, it may be an indication that his skin is not as healthy as it should be. There are many natural treatments that promote healthy skin and coat. Let's look at what we can do when dog shedding is giving us a headache.

Removing Dog Tear Stains

If you have a light-colored miniature or toy breed dog (e.g. Poodle, Pekinese, Chihuahua and Maltese), you will no doubt notice tear stains on the skin and hair below the inside corners of your dog's eyes. The stains are usually pinkish to brownish in color. The tear stains are caused by a reaction of the tears with the normal bacteria on the hair and skin on the dog's face.


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