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Bladder Stones in Dogs / Bladder Stones in Cats / Urolithiasis in Dogs / Urolithiasis in Cats

Bladder Stones in Dogs and Cats / Urolithiasis in Dogs and Cats

Herbal nutrition which may help break down active bladder stones and natural plant chemistry which may help prevent stone formation (including crystal and gravel) and may help to prevent infections of the kidneys and urinary tract in dogs and cats. 

When your pet experiences kidney and bladder problems, nutritional support must be given to support and rehabilitate the kidneys as well as the liver, endocrine, cardiovascular system and autonomic nervous system. 

Dog and cat bladder stones are formed usually as a result of poor diet or some disruption to proper metabolic function. When dogs and cats have bladder stones, they typically display urinary problems, including urinating indoors, outside of the litter box or straining to urinate, etc.

Bladder stones are mineral deposits that gather in the urinary tract and crystallize over time. The crystals then build upon each other to create stones, causing urinary tract irritation and inflammation, painful urination and infection.

Eighty-five percent of stones formed occur in a dog or cats bladder, however, stones can also be found in the entire urinary tract, including the kidneys, the ureters and urethra. 

When a stone that has passed into the urethra is large enough, it can cause blockage of the urethra. When this happens, the dog or cat cannot urinate which is a serious condition, as toxins and waste cannot be eliminated in the urine from the dog's body. This situation may require an emergency operation to remove the stones from the urethra. This situation is more common in male dogs and cats and is considered an emergency.

There are common symptoms associated with bladder stones:

Frequent urination with small quantities

Crying or yelping when trying to urinate

Urinating in inappropriate places

Blood in urine

Straining and discomfort while urinating

Dribbling urine (may indicate a partial blockage of the urethra)

A complete blockage of the urethra (your pet cannot urinate at all)

There are several different types of bladder stones, but the most common include: 

Struvite Bladder Stones

These stones are composed of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate and form in urine that has a neutral or alkaline pH level. They occur more commonly in female dogs and cats.

Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones

These stones are found in certain breeds of dogs and cats as a result of a hereditary condition. These animals lack nephrocalcin, a calcium-binding glycoprotein, which inhibits the development of calcium oxalate crystals in the urinary tract.

Animals with Cushing's disease are predisposed to calcium oxalate bladder stone formation, due to elevated calcium levels in their urine.

Uric Acid Bladder Stones

These stones are formed almost exclusively in Dalmatians (about 80% of dogs with uric acid stones are Dalmatians) because of the inability of their livers to absorb uric acid. Two other breeds that can be genetically predisposed to uric acid bladder stones are Bulldogs and Russian Terriers.

Uric acid bladder stone formation can also be caused by a liver shunt. Have your vet check your dog or cat for the presence of urate crystals (which lead to uric acid stone formation), especially if your dog has been diagnosed with a liver shunt.

Common causes of bladder stones include: 

Diet: Diets that are high in protein and certain minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, may increase the chances of the forming of bladder stones.

Age: Older pets are more prone to develop bladder stones.

Genetics: Some dogs and cat breeds are more susceptible to bladder stone formation than others. Small dogs, such as the Pug, Pekingese, Yorkshire terrier, Beagle, Dachshund, Welsh corgi, Miniature Schnauzer, Bulldog, Cocker Spaniel and Dalmations. Dalmatians tend to have uric acid bladder stones.

Exposure to Cadmium: Studies have found that cadmium exposure increases the risk of formation of bladder stones in dogs. For domestic pets such as dogs and cats, cigarette smoke is the most common source of cadmium exposure.

Bacterial Infections: Bacterial infections of the bladder can also lead to the formation of struvite bladder stones.

Lack of Exercise: Dogs and cats that do not get adequate exercise who do not get out enough to eliminate waste several times a day are also prone to develop bladder stones.

Other helpful suggestions: 

Ensure that your pet always has plenty of fresh, clean filtered water daily

If pet does not drink a lot of water, give additional fluids by adding water to food 

If your pet stays indoors, let him out every few hours to urinate.

Encourage your pet to drink water during a bladder infection as it is essential that the unwanted toxins are flushed out

Boost your pet’s immune system with immune system supplements

Feed your pet natural, chemical free food as commercial foods increase their risk of infection and weakens the immune system

If you do feed your pet commercial, processed foods, use a prescription diet prescribed by your vet

Walk your dog at least twice a day to increase the frequency of urination

If have an indoor cat, check that his litter box is clean and accessible

Line the litter tray with newspaper and use about a cup of litter at a time, changing it each time it has been used.

Herbal Nutrition - (listed in order of relevance and recommendation by holistic vets - human grade meets/exceeds highest safety criteria for pets)

Herbal remedies may be effective in the holistic treatment of bladder infections, may help address all types of stones and other urinary related problems due to its stone breaking, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, pain relieving and antiseptic properties, may help reduce urinary tract infection, may help reduce inflammation and may help strengthen the immune system, used holistically in traditional medical systems to help address severe cystitis, urine retention that may occur with prostate problems, straining, blood in urine and symptoms related to burning urine. .

Break It Up  (learn more) helps to eliminate liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, crystals, grains and gravel (calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones ) with less pain and safely removes them from the body; helps to treat bladder and kidney infections (urinary infections) and diseases, balances and normalizes liver enzyme levels, reduces uric acid and increases urination, for cystitis and prostatitis, infectious hepatitis and leptospirosis, Fatty Liver Disease, (hepatic lipidosis), Feline cholangiohepatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urological Syndrome (FUS), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (FIV), Leaky Gut Syndrome, Intestinal Dysbiosis and Intestinal Hypermerability. This product has been proven to be over 90% effective at addressing urinary tract infections, stones, gravel, calculi and crystals in dogs and cats. 

Break It Up Meal Topper – (learn more) has been proven to break up to 94% of bladder stones, crystals, calculi and gravel within 2 weeks of use; may help address all types of stones, including liver, kidney, bladder and gall stones, gravel, crystals, grains and calculi, including calcium oxalate, struvite, uric acid, cystine, calcium phosphate and silica stones; adaptogen content may help work preventatively against future stone formation and urinary tract infection by helping to identify and nutritionally address cellular imbalances related to stone and infection cycles; adaptogen content may help address urinary tract infections, including chronic UTI’s by nutritionally helping identify and correct cellular imbalances and infection cycles; may help reduce the amount of cortisol and calcium produced in the urine and helps normalize pH levels in the animal body, which may be beneficial for dogs and cats suffering from chronic and episodic upper urinary tract and bladder infections and kidney infections; may help normalize liver enzyme levels, helps reduce uric acid, helps acidify urine and helps increase urination and may provide relief from prostatitis.

Stix and Stones - (learn more) Stix and Stones may nutritionally help reduce urinary tract inflammation; may help support healthy kidney function and its natural plant adaptogen content may help identify the source of the urinary tract infection at a cellular level and nutritionally work to help restore balance in the bladder, kidneys and ureters; may help moderate cortisol and calcium levels in the blood; may help normalize pH levels toward balance (neither acidic or alkaline); may work to help limit all types of future urinary tract infections (UTI's) and stone formation and crystal formation by blocking their formation in the kidneys and bladder (i.e. calcium oxalate stones from acidic urine; struvite stones from alkaline urine); may help address and break up commonly occurring stone formation related to kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones, gravel, crystals and calculi; adaptogen content helps carry out reparative actions against cellular dysfunction that allows stones to form by helping to block unwanted material from entering kidney cells and supporting their safe elimination in the urinary tract; suitable for all life stages of dogs and cats.


Tinkle Tonic  (learn more) helps address male specific issues of the urinary tract for dogs and cats, including may help address prostate disorders, help nutritionally support urinary tract and prostate health and help reduce prostrate symptoms including Prostatitis and Benign Hyperplasia Prostate disease (BHP), help promote prostate gland health, a healthy bladder, urinary tract and bowel movements, help soothe and reduce swollen and enlarged prostrate glands, help promote strong and healthy urine flow, relieve pain, discomfort and difficulty when urinating; for incomplete urination, increased frequency of urination or reduction in the volume of urine, help relieve painful and strained defecation, help increase circulation and strengthen the immune system; help nutritionally address urinary incontinence and weakened bladders.


Conventional Remedies:

Depending on the type, size, number, and location of the stones, treatment may be different. For example, if the stones are in the urethra or the ureters, surgery is necessary since urinary obstructions can lead to kidney shut down and death.

However, if the stones are in the bladder and they are struvite stones, there are other choices. For example, the stones can be eliminated by feeding your dog a special diet (low in calcium, magnesium and protein) together with dissolving agents in it. These agents will eliminate the stones by dissolving them and causing them to pass through your dog's system.

For dogs with uric acid stones, a diet that is low in purines may be recommended. Purines are found primarily in animal proteins and are metabolized into uric acid in the body.

Purine-rich foods include organ meats (e.g. liver, kidneys), seafood, and legumes.

Calcium oxalate stones cannot be dissolved and the only way to remove them is by surgery, after which supplements may be needed to prevent recurrence.






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