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Acidic Urine - Why Acidic Urine Is So Important for Dog and Cat Health

Acidic Urine and pH Balance in Dogs and Cats

Herbal nutrition to help acidify urine and to help reduce urinary tract problems and infections in cats and dogs.

Natura Petz supplements to help acidify urine for cats and dogs

When the kidneys become infected or negatively impacted, nutritional support must be delivered to help rehabilitate normal function, as well as support given to related systems, including the liver, cardiovascular system and autonomic nervous systems, which work together to support urinary tract health and proper kidney function.  

If your beloved pet has had yet another “accident” indoors, it's time to explore the underlying problem causing the behavior. A cat going outside of the litter box is often a cry for help and an indication of a health problem. 

Urine pH is important in the lives of dogs and cats. The lower the pH the greater the acidity of a solution; the higher the pH, the greater the alkalinity. Seven is the point of neutrality on the pH scale. For cats, the ideal number is usually recognized between 6.0 and 6.5 pH.

Why is pH important? A pH above this range can lead the growth of struvites (magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals). A pH lower than 6.0 can cause the formation of calcium oxalate crystals. Herbal remedies may lower urine pH, making it more acidic.

Cats need an acidic urine to maintain urinary tract health. Urinary tract problems are the number one reason cats visit their veterinarians so a diet that maintains an average urine pH less than 6.5 and restricts the minerals that contribute to struvite formation is recommended in cats and may reduce urinary tract infections. 

Three reasons why acidic pH urine balance is important.

1. When urine loses its acid base and become overly alkalinized, your pet is susceptible to infection. Urine is considered sterile or balanced when in the 6-6.5 pH level. If urine becomes alkalinized, it loses it natural defense to fight infection.

2. Alkaline urine can foster cystitis, or inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis is painful for your pet, and can become a chronic infection, leading to bleeding, secondary infection and other urinary health problems.

3. Crystal and stone formation. When urine pH becomes alkalinized, crystals and stones can form, which irritate the bladder, causing pain, and can even cause blockage, which can be life threatening.

Maintaining balanced urine acidity is vital to your pet’s health, not only in preventing infection, but to avoid chronic inflammation and infections, as well as crystal and stones formation.

The kidneys maintain normal acid-base balance primarily through the reabsorption of sodium and the tubular secretion of hydrogen and ammonium ions. Urine becomes increasingly acidic as the amount of sodium and excess acid retained by the body increases.

Alkaline urine, usually containing bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffer, is normally excreted when there is an excess of base or alkali in the body. Secretion of acid or alkaline urine by the kidneys is one of the most important mechanisms the body uses to maintain a constant body pH.

A highly acidic urine pH occurs in:


Uncontrolled diabetes


Starvation (anorexia)


Respiratory diseases

A highly alkaline urine occurs in:

Urinary tract obstruction

Chronic renal failure

Pyloric obstruction

Salicylate intoxication

Renal tubular acidosis

Respiratory diseases that involve hyperventilation

Proper nutrition that includes a premium, holistic, species appropriate diet, containing all essential nutrients; providing clean, fresh, filtered water daily; good hygiene including clean litter boxes and bedding; regular exercise and encouraging your pet to drink and urinate frequently can help maintain proper acidity levels and make a significant difference in maintaining your pet’s urinary health.

Symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections include:

Straining to urinate

Urinating with pain

Licking of the genitals

Cloudy or blood urine

Urinating without passing much urine (drops, no volume)

Urinating in unusual places


Loss of appetite

Conditions and factors that can cause loss of bladder control:

Urinary tract infections (UTI)

Kidney disease

Bladder stones

Liver disease

Drinking too much (can also be related to conditions such as diabetes)

Congenital defects


Old age




Over excitement

Urinary tract infections commonly affect dogs and cats, causing frequent and painful urination. Urinary infections are caused by bacteria that enter the urethra (the tube connecting the bladder to the exterior of the body through which urine flows), bladder or any part of the urinary tract. If a urinary tract infection is not treated early, it can become a systemic, chronic problem for your dog or cat.

Bladder stones, some underlying diseases, overuse of medications, bladder tumors, cancer or abnormalities of the urinary tract can also increase the risk of urinary tract infections. Urinary tract infections affect both dogs and cats, although they tend to be more common in cats.

Female cats and dogs experience more episodes of urinary tract infections because the urethra is shorter and broader than in males. If left untreated, urinary tract infections can lead to more serious health complications such as kidney infections.

Remember: Never punish your pet for accidents. There is always an underlying cause, even if that cause is poor house training.

When pets are feeling unwell or have symptoms of a bladder infection, they may urinate in an unusual place to get your attention. Never ignore the message.

Herbal Nutrition - (listed in order of relevance and recommendation by holistic vets - human grade meets/exceeds highest safety criteria for pets)

Herbal remedies have a long history of use for the treatment of bladder problems, urinary tract disorders and infections such as cystitis, burning during urination, bladder control, weakness, paralysis of the muscles and nerves within the bladder, increased bladder strength, reduced incontinence, urine leakage and improved over all urinary health.

Stix & Stones – (learn more) promotes improved kidney function, helps to break up kidney, liver, gallbladder and bladder stones and gravel (active stones, crystals and as a preventative); helps to safely remove stones from the body; helps to treat urinary tract infections (bladder and kidney infections; for kidney and liver disease; tones and balances kidney, liver, intestine, pancreas, gall bladder function and health; reduces uric acid levels in urine; increases urination, blocks the formation of calcium crystals such as calcium oxalate and prevents them from entering kidney and bladder cells, provides pH modulation (urine pH balance); for urinary system disorders and pathologies and for hepatic insufficiency. This product has been proven to be 90% effective at addressing urinary tract infections, and all types of stones, gravel, calculi and crystals in dogs and cats.

Yummy Tummy – (learn more) promotes Probiotic digestive, urinary, bladder and gall bladder support, for all types of digestive disorders, promotes proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients, for bladder (cystitis) and kidney (pyelonephritis) infections, tones and strengthens the connective tissue of the bladder related to urine leakage and urinary incontinence; for Candida including systemic Candida as a natural, plant-based steroid alternative, provides important support for cramping, pain, discomfort, Gastroenteritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD), prostate inflammation, BHP, prostatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) and Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS).

Tinkle Tonic  (learn more) treats prostate disorders, supports urinary tract and prostate health and reduces prostrate symptoms including Prostatitis and Benign Hyperplasia Prostate disease (BHP), promotes prostate gland health, a healthy bladder, urinary tract and bowel movements, reduces swollen and enlarged prostrate glands, promotes strong and healthy urine flow, relieves pain, discomfort and difficulty when urinating; for incomplete urination, increased frequency of urination or reduction in the volume of urine, relieves painful and strained defecation, increases circulation and strengthens the immune system; for urinary incontinence and weakened bladders.

Hepa Protect – (learn more) helps support proper liver function and metabolism, bile production and flow, helps rehabilitate and repair the performance and health of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gall bladder, helps rehabilitate and detoxify the kidneys and liver; helps tone and balance the connective tissue of the liver, kidneys and bladder; helps normalize liver enzyme levels; helps regulate kidney acid/alkaline levels, for all types of stones and gravel of the liver, kidneys, bladder and gallbladder, including oxalate and struvite crystals and stones;helps reduce uric acid, for gall bladder inflammation, gall stones and gallbladder infections, for renal colic and renal calculi; helps to protect red blood cell formation, useful in diseases such as ehrlichia and ehrlichiosis.

Conventional Remedies:

The diagnosis of acidic urine pH and urinary tract infections are based on the symptoms, medical history and a physical examination. A urine test will be performed to check for a high ph balance, the presence of bacteria, crystals, red and white blood cells. Additional tests such as a urine culture, blood tests, x-rays and ultrasound may be performed if recurring infection occur or to determine the cause of underlying diseases or abnormalities.





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