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Toxoplasmosis

Pet supplements for toxoplasmosis for dogs and cats.Toxoplasmosis

 

Herbal treatments to help reduce symptoms related to Toxoplasmosis infection in dogs and cats.

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) parasite. It is one of the most common parasitic diseases and is known to affect nearly all warm-blooded animals and humans, but cats are the primary living host.

Cats become infected through contact with the T. gondii parasite, which may be acquired from digging in infected soil or from ingesting feces of infected cats. 

This parasite completes its life cycle in dogs and cats, and they are the only mammals in which the parasite is passed through the feces and into the environment. However, contact with raw meat and unwashed produce is also a very significant and well known source of human infection.

Both acute and chronic forms of toxoplasmosis exist. The chronic form is usually a low-grade disease without any clinical symptoms, but the acute form is more symptomatic. Cats are more commonly seen with clinical symptoms as compared to dogs.

Symptoms of toxoplasmosis include:

Lethargy

Depression

Fever

Weight loss

Respiratory problems, like shortness of breath

Uncoordinated gait

Seizures

Tremors

Muscular weakness

Partial or complete paralysis

Vomiting

Diarrhea

Abdominal Pain

Jaundice

Loss of appetite

Inflammation of tonsils (tonsillitis)

Inflammation of retina (retinitis)

Inflammation of middle part of the eye including iris (uveitis)

Inflammation of the cornea (keratitis

Symptoms most severely affect kittens that are infected while in the womb.  Infected kittens may be stillborn or die before weaning. Kittens that survive toxoplasmosis infection may show lack of appetite, fever, dyspnea, and jaundice.

Organic Remedies - (listed in order of relevance and recommendation by holistic vets)

Herbal remedies can provide relief cats infected with Toxoplasmosis, by supporting digestion and helping to limit diarrhea, reducing vomiting and inflammation and infection of the pancreas and eyes; supporting respiratory function, addressing parasitic infection, limiting neurological symptoms and soothing the Central Nervous System.

Seal ‘Em & Heal ‘Em – (learn more) promotes healing for all types of wounds, including hot spots, abrasions, bites, cuts, scrapes, skin irritations, infections, bleeding & hemorrhaging conditions, ulcers, GERD, esophaghitis & other degenerative conditions of the larynx & throat; provides cellular support of tissue, skin & coat; for gastrointestinal distress; as a neurasthenic that blocks the activation of nerve fibers & tissue response to inflammation, supporting the body's tissue repair mechanism to stop mutations (important in the treatment of all types of Lyme disease, including Lyme borealis, burgdorferi, borreliosis & Chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

Yummy Tummy  (learn more) promotes Probiotic digestive, urinary, bladder and gall bladder support, for all types of digestive disorders, promotes proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients, for bladder (cystitis) and kidney (pyelonephritis) infections, for urine leakage and urinary incontinence, as a natural, plant-based steroid alternative, provides important support for cramping, pain, discomfort, Gastroenteritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD), prostate inflammation, BHP, prostatitis, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS) and for Candida albicans.

I’m Allergic to Needles – (learn more) is used for proper pancreatic support, health and function, charged with producing proper insulin levels, for all types of diabetes I and II, to reduce glucose levels in blood and for insulin resistance, to improve the glycemic index in pets with diabetes, to regulate metabolic stress, and maintain proper liver metabolism, circulation, bile production and flow, for hepatic immune function, useful in regulating excess weight and fatty deposits.

Baby Love Bits  (learn more) helps to build, promote and support muscle, joint, bone, cartilage and tendon health, mobility and flexibility; as a powerhouse Probiotic Vitamin B complex; helps prevent against flea and tick infestations; supports the Central Nervous System; stimulates immunity and healthy metabolism; aids digestion and promotes whole body microbial balance; improves liver function and liver health; purifies whole bodily systems; keeps the skin, hair, eyes and mouth healthy; for dental disease, gout, Irritable Bowel Disease (IBD); for infectious diarrhea, including rotavirus diarrhea, for nervousness and fatigue.

Conventional Treatment:

In case of severe disease, your cat may need to be hospitalized for emergency treatment. Fluids are given intravenously in cats with poor hydration. Antibiotics are given to control the infection and prevent further progression of the disease into the system.

In cats with severe disease, proper nutrition and hydration is important for keeping the animal's health stable and for preventing a fatal outcome.

Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam to evaluate your cat's body systems and to evaluate the overall health of your cat. Routine laboratory tests -- such as a complete blood count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis -- are also used to confirm infection.

For example, cats with toxoplasmosis may show an abnormally low number of white blood cells (leukopenia), low neutrophils (neutropenia), and low lymphocytes (lymphopenia) in the complete blood count.

Conversely, during recovery, the complete blood count may reveal an increased number of white blood cells, an indication of the increased activity of the infection fighting white blood cells.

The biochemistry profile usually reveals abnormally high levels liver enzymes ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and AST (aspartate aminotransferase). Moreover, the level of albumin (the protein normally present in the blood) is also found to be at decreased levels in some cats with toxoplasmosis; a medical condition known as hypoalbuminemia. In about 25 percent cats with toxoplasmosis, jaundice is seen with disturbed liver enzymes ALT and AST. The urinalysis may reveal abnormally high level of proteins and bilirubin in the urine sample. Fecal samples may also reveal important information, as infected cats frequently shed parasite eggs in their feces. If you have a sample of your cat's feces that you can take with your to your veterinarian, it may help to make the diagnosis and treatment move along faster.

Serological tests are the most reliable tests for making a definitive diagnosis. By measuring the levels of toxoplasma antigens in the body, your veterinarian can determine the type of infection, and whether it is active, dormant, recent (acute), or long term (chronic). Your veterinarian may repeat these tests three weeks after the initial testing as part of a follow-up exam.

Serological tests will also help in determining the levels of antibodies IgM and IgG. Antibodies are proteins that are normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen (in this case toxoplasma) for the purpose of neutralizing the antigen. Determining the IgM levels helps in diagnosis of active toxoplasmosis, as these antibodies increase in number within one week of infection and may remain elevated for three months. The IgG antibodies increase within two to four weeks after infection and may remain elevated for a whole year to follow. Determination of antigen and antibody levels will help your veterinarian make the confirmatory diagnosis. The polymerase chain reaction test is a reliable test for verifying the presence of Toxoplasma gondii in samples.

Diagnostic imaging may also be called for, including a thoracic (chest) X-ray, which may show changes in the lung tissue, showing infection and marks of complications that are related to infection. Your veterinarian may also take a sample of lung fluid to determine the presence of the T. gondii organism, especially in cats with lung involvement. More advanced diagnostic testing includes taking a collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Laboratory testing of CSF may reveal an abnormally high number of white blood cells (WBCs) and protein concentrations in patients with infection that has reached the central nervous system.

However, in patients needing treatment because of severe symptoms, the overall prognosis is often very poor. Similarly, in kittens and immune-compromised patients, the prognosis is not favorable despite therapy.

Some antibiotics given to treat toxoplasmosis may cause side-effects, like vomiting, lack of appetite, and diarrhea. If you see any such untoward symptoms, consult your veterinarian for appropriate changes in therapy, since these side-effects can quickly become life threatening. Regular monitoring of the treatment response is required in patients under therapy.

Your veterinarian will evaluate the treatment response by observing for improvements in symptoms like fever, lack of appetite, and eye problems.

 

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